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pht 100

chapter 4 part 4

transmucosal administration is buccal administration
intrarespiratory is inhalation
ocular is medicine in the eye
conjunctival is medicine in the eyelid lining or conjuctival sac
topical involves the mucous membranes (eyes, nose, vagina, etc.)
a local effect is on the site-specified application
some meds must be administered parenterally because the molecules are too large or broken down too fast to be administered otherwise
systemic distribution involves injection or catheters
injection bypasses the gi tract
oral administration is convenient, easy, & safe
scored tabs can be cut
oral administration (on a downside) gives bad taste & delays onset (even more with food/drink)
the gi tract fluids destruct the drugs
controlled release pills can't be cut
pharmacists should inform patients what food/drinks to have/avoid, what activities to not do, pill swallowing methods, & pill storage
ointments are greasy & meant for extra dry areas
transdermal meds are steady level of drugs with good compliance & are costly & sometimes cause irritation
inhalation gives metered doses but the dose level given depends on the technique of the patient's administration
MDI is a metered dose inhalers
a nebulizer is an asthmainhaler where medication is in mist form
vaginal/urethral meds are in higher concentrations and are messy
rectal meds are good for stomach illness patients because they don't have to be digested
rectal meds are inconvenient & uncomfortable
administering topicals to another person may require gloves to avoid absorption/irritation of the administerer
corticosteroids & others may need sparing application to avoid side effects
patches should be applied to hairless/scarless areas
pateches should also be applied to different areas with each dose
patch application should have a schedule
ear/eye meds can be between room & body temperature
eye meds should be stored as directed
eye drops may enter the ear but not vice versa
nasal meds have drops, sprays, & aerosol
proper technique prevents sniffing meds into sinuses
it is possible to od on otc nasal decongestants
patients should rinse mouth after applying cortison MDI to avoid fungus
children can use spacers with inhalers
the vaginal administration is meant for infections & hormone replacements
the iud (interuterine device) can also give cancertreatment meds
patients get instructed to remove wrapper 1st & properly insert
rectal meds are often refridgerated
injected meds can last long & be given to almost any body part
the cannula is the bore area in the syringe correlating the volume of solution
iv injections are in the superficial arm vein
infusion pumps can be controlled by patients & can give meds 24/7
a pca is a patient controlled analgesic infusion device
a pca gives patients pain meds in small doses
only the patient controls the pca pump button
im injections have limited volumes of 2-3 mL
im injections are in the adult's buttocks & the deltoids of children
insulin is the most common subcutaneous injection
it's crucial that insulin is stored/prepared reight
epinephrine & heparin are also subcutaneous
insulin vials should be agitated (not shook)
subcutaneous is below the epidermis
subcutaneous is also vaccines, local anesthesia, & diagnostic tests
Created by: frescah