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Chem of life packet

Chemistry of LIfe

What are the four elements that make up 99% of living matter? Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen
This element forms the backbone of most biological molecules. Carbon
Means "coming from life" Organic
Means "non-living" Inorganic
Biochemicals can be classified into 4 major groups. Name the groups. Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, Nucleic Acids
This organic compound is made entirely of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Carbohydrates
Simple sugar Monosaccharides
Double sugar Disaccharides
Many glucose molecules Polysaccharides
Give two examples of a polysaccharide. Starch and Cellulose
Grapes, honey, apples, and bananas are examples of ?? Simple carbohydrates
Bread, cereal, and pasta are examples of ?? Complex carbohydrates
Fats, oils, and steroids are examples of ?? Lipids
Animals store excess lipids as? Fats
Plants store excess lipids as?? Oils
Name 4 uses of cholesterol. Cell membranes, Nerve tissue, Brain tissue, Hormones
Proteins are complex polymeres of smaller molecules called? Amino Acids
What is the function of COLLAGEN? Development skin cells
What is the function of MYOSIN? Development of muscle cells
What is the function of ENZYMES? Involved in chemical reactions
What is the function of HEMOGLOBIN? blood to carry substances
What is the function of DNA? genetic code
What is the function of RNA? putting together or synthesizing proteins
How much of your body is made up of water? 65%
What will a condensation reaction produce? water
Created by: dmalk



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