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pht 100 4

chapter 1 part 4

in the pharmaceutical care era, community pharm]s is where the patient focus in hospitals moved to
pharmacists today monitor drugs & and they counsel patients
today, the lost art since the traditional era is the compounding and mixing pharmacists were known for
today the pharmacists education makes them responsible & liable of patient's health
the pharmacists duties are getting med. info from patients, checking age appropriate dosages, discussing side effects, & identifying drug interactions
screening illnesses for safe meds, recommending otc's & supplements after checking medical history, & providing info for doctors is also the duties of a pharmacist
giving info on supplies & equipment, monitoring drug response & narcotic uses, & giving high risk adults vaccines are other pharmacists duties
specific diseases & illnesses are what pharmacists today also screen for and educate patients are
pharmacists are trained to encourage ciggarette quitting & better health activities
independent pharmacists who are also business entrepreneurs must hire & supervise, evaluate insurance contracts, reconcil unpaid insurance claims, maintain inventory, sell other types of items not health-related, & manage retail
in university hospitals, advanced pharmacists in specific departments (pediatrics, internal meds, nutrition, etc.) accompany physicians on morning rounds & share drug info
reccomending formulary changes & developing policies/procedures, monitoring drug uses, ect. are duties of hospital pharmacists
home healthcare longterm pharmacists review drug regimens of residents reporting drug irregularities, monitoring pharmaceutical repackaging/storing, checking expired dates, reporting errors, informing residents/caregivers on drug therapy, & giving info to outpatients/residents on leave
on a monthly basis, pharmacists should check patient's drug profile
the american society of consultant pharmacists (a.s.c.p) is an organization for "geriatric" consultants
hmo advanced pharmacists work closely with primary-care physicans
community pharmacists may prepare meds for nursing homes & home health are facilities
hospital pharmacists may continue to monitor drugs of discharged patients
in the early 1800's, philadelphia's college of pharm] was the 1st school to offer materia medica courses, pharm] courses, pharmaceutical chemistry courses, & grant diplomas
landgrant universities (starting with u of m) in 1868, offered formal education & degree programs
in the late 1800's, the american pharmaceutical assoc. encouraged exams & licensing by state
in 1920, formal education was required to take an exam
before 1920, applicants completed 3-4 yrs. of apprenticeship to take a pharmacists exam
the doctor of pharmacists is now a 6yr. program from all colleges
most colleges offer pharmD in 2 yrs. with calculus, chemistry, physics, microbiology, & biology
many colleges require the pharm] college admissions test (pcat)to be taken & most require interviews
pharmacy school applicants have gpa's of 3.5-4.0 & experience in community service
pharmacists vow t serve all, to make human needs & relief of suffering 1st inline, to put all that they've learned into their service, to update their knowledge, to maintain principals, to accept pharm. changes, & are willing to make good on vows
practice internship time in community & hospital pharm]s is interspersed through pharm] school
the last pharm] school years are spent in hospitals, clinics, commuity pharm]s, home health care & nursing homes
the pharmacist's oath is spoken at the time of graduation
pharmacists license involves accredited pharm] college graduation, passing state board certification test, & internship during/after pharm] school
to renew license in most states, pharmacists must meet continueing education requirements
most states have reciprocal agreements recognizing licenses granted to pharmacists
state pharm] board carries out licensing and professional oversight in each state
techs originally started out as medics in the military & returned home to work their experience in hospitals
in hospitals, techs did systems in drug delivery & they compounded
techs overtime have merged from clerks/cashiers to pharm] assistants in community pharm]s
techs were recognized as a catagory in the early 1800s
techs used to be apprentices without formal education
only the pharmacists can discuss rx changes with doctors or nurses
tech functions are within the boundaries of written guidelines
a paraprofessional is a professional's skilled assistant
techs in longterm care facilities may maintain records, retrieve patient charts, & organize them for the pharmacists
techs in longterm care facilities may also repackage drugs in unit doses labeled for patients
the american pharmaceutical associatio (APhA) supports state tech regulations by registration or licensure
most state boards regulate activities & ratios of techs to pharmacists
the tech training programs that are in many pharm] fields today started in the hospital settings
the american society of health system pharmacists (ashp) developed a model curriculum to guide techs
academic-based tech programs vary in curriculum & length
techs must be certified in some states
some pharm] employees want techs to pay for certification exams & award passers with increased salary
techs need additional training and certification for sterile & non-sterile compounding & nuclear pharm] work
the professional compounding centers of america provide didactic courses & labs teaching latest innovations
the didactic courses & labs teaching techs the latest innovations in compounding unique dosage forms are mostly in hospitals & community pharm]
techs must do 300 hrs. of online self-study & supervised instruction as well as training as a preceptor with a nuclear pharmacist in order to get a certificate for nuclear pharm] tech (NPT)
techs are required to attend seminars to stay current for continuing certification/licesure in many states
a code of ethics for techs is an aspect of the profession
Created by: frescah