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Chapter 1 Chemistry.

QuestionAnswer
6 Branches of Chemistry? Organic, Inorganic, Analytical, Physical, Bio, Theoretical.
Carried out for the sake of increasing knowledge. Basic Research.
Carried out to solve a problem Applied Research.
A process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another. Reaction.
involves the production and use of products that improve our quality of life. Technological Development.
Anything that has mass and takes up space. Matter.
Do not depend on the amount of matter present. intensive properties.
depend on the amount of matter present. extensive properties.
What does an atom consist of? A nucleus made of protons, neutrons and electrons.
How do you measure matter? triple beam balance?
Does not involve a chance in the substances identity. Physical Change.
When one or more substances are converted into different substances also known as a chemical reaction. Chemical Change.
substances that are not uniformly mixed Heterogeneous
mixture is same throughout homogeneous.
How is the periodic table organized? Increasing atomic number.
What are the two main groups on the periodic table? Metals and nonmetals.
What does the left side of the periodic table contain? elements with greatest metallic properties.
What are the elements that touch the zigzag line? metalloids.
What are the vertical columns in the periodic table? Horizontal rows? groups or families; periods.
Group 1 on the Periodic Table? Alkali Metals.
Group 2 on the Periodic Table? Alkali-Earth Metals.
Groups 3-12 on the Periodic Table? Transition Metals.
Where are the Lanthanides and Actinides located on the periodic table? Bottom. with transition metals.
Group 13 on the Periodic table? Boron group.
Group 14 on the Periodic Table? Carbon Group.
Group 15 on the Periodic Table? Nitrogen Group.
Group 16 on the Periodic Table? Oxygen Group.
Group 17 on the Periodic Table? Halogens.
Group 18 on the Periodic Table? Noble Gases.
Created by: NewYorkYankees2