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Chemistry Vocab #1

Absolute Zero The lowest possible temperature, OK or -273.15 degrees Celsius.
Accelerator A substance that speeds up a chemical reaction by acting as a positive catalyst.
Accuracy The nearest of a measurement to its accepted value.
Acid (1) A substance which, when added to water, increases to hydronium-ion concentration (2) A substance which gives up protons to another substance.
Amino Acid An organic compound characterized by the presence of an amino acid group on the same carbon atom.
Acid Aqueous A water solution having acid properties due to the nature of the solute present.
Actinide Series Rare earth elements of the seventh period following radium.
Activity (Electromotive) Series A table of metals or nonmetals arranged in order of descending activities.
Addition A reaction in which atoms are added to an unsaturated organic molecules.
Aerosol A suspensoid in which gas is the dispensing medium.
Aldehyde A compound which has a hydrocarbon group and one or more -CEO-H, formyl groups.
Alcohol A compound containing a hydrocarbon group and one or more -OH, hydroxyl groups.
Alkadiene A straight or branched chain hydrocarbon with two double covalent bonds between carbon atoms.
Alkali The hydroxide of a Group 1 metal.
Alkane A straight or branched chain hydrocarbon in which the carbon atoms are connected by only single covalent bonds.
Alkene A straight or branched chain hydrocarbon in which the carbon atoms are connected by a double bond.
Alkyne A straight or branched chain hydrocarbon in which two carbon atoms are connected by a triple bond.
Allotrope One of the two or more different forms or an element in the same physical state.
Alloy A material composed of two or more metals.
Alluvial Pertaining to soil, sand or gravel deposited by running water.
Alpha Particle A helium nucleus emitted from the nucleus of a radioactive element.
Amalgam An alloy of mercury with one or more other metals.
Amorphous A solid without crystalline structure.
Amphoteric A substance which can act as either an acid or a base.
Analysis The superation of a material into its component parts to determine its composition.
Created by: 1738522052



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