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AP Chemistry Summer

Greenbrier High Summer Memorization

QuestionAnswer
Ammonium NH4+
Mercury (I) Hg2+2
Silver Ag+
Cadmium Cd+2
Zinc Zn+2
Acetate C2H3O2-
Chlorate ClO3-
Cyanide CN-
Dihydrogen phosphate H2PO4-
Hydrogen carbonate (bicarbonate) HCO3-
Hydrogen sulfite HSO3-
Hydroxide OH-
Nitrate NO3-
Permanganate MnO4-
Thiocyanate SCN-
Carbonate CO3-2
Chromate CrO4-2
Dichromate Cr2O7-2
Hydrogen phosphate HPO4-2
Peroxide O2-2
Sulfate SO4-2
Arsenate AsO4-3
Phosphate PO4-3
Insoluble Hydroxides EXCEPT: Alkali Metals and Barium, Calcium, and Strontium
Soluble Alkali Metals, Ammonium, Nitrates, Chlorates, Perchlorates, and Acetates
Soluble exceptions Chlorine, Bromine, Iodine EXCEPT: with Silver, Lead, and Mercury Sulfates EXCEPT: with Silver, Lead, Mercury, Calcium, Strontium, and Barium
Mostly Insoluble Sulfides, Carbonates, Chromates, Sulfites, Phosphates
Strong Acids HCl (Hydrochloric Acid), HBr (Hydrobromic Acid), HI (Hydroiodonic Acid), HClO3 (Chloric Acid), HClO4 (Perchloric Acid), HNO3 (Nitric Acid), H2SO4 (Sulfuric Acid)
ITEOUS ATE IC Endings in ITE change to OUS when naming acids; Endings in ATE change to IC when naming acids
Synthesis Reaction Metal oxide + Water → Metal hydroxide Nonmetal oxide + Water → Acid (polyatomc)
Decomposition Reaction Metal carbonate → Metal oxide + Carbon dioxide Metal hydroxide → Metal oxide + Water Metal chlorate → Metal chloride + Oxygen gas
Acid/Base Reactions Acid + Base → Salt + Water Metal + Acid → Salt + Hydrogen gas Metal oxide + Acid → Salt + Water Carbonate + Acid → Salt + Carbon dioxide + warer (Carbonate ion breaks and other part becomes salt) Nonmetal oxide + Hydroxide → Salt + Water
Created by: aad624