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Schaffer Terms

Vocabulary to talk about and use the Schaffer Writing Method

What is a writing process? - Steps you take to practice writing - Successful strategies to better your writing ability - Procedure you follow when writing
How is the writing process structured? Step 1: Identify the tasks given in the prompt Step 2: Brainstorm ideas Step 3: Outline/Organize your ideas Step 4: Rough draft Step 5: Revise your ideas Step 6: Edit for conventions Step 7: Rough draft Step 8: Peer review Step 9: Final draft (Pu
What is an outline? - a skeleton for your writing - a way to organize your ideas - a structure for your writing
What is an introduction? - Identifies the genre, title, and author, (when appropriate). - States topic or overall idea. Example: In the article “La Paz is the Best Middle School” by Kelley Ghione, the author discusses multiple reasons why her school is the greatest.
What is a topic sentence? - The first sentence of a paragraph - Expresses the main idea
What color is the topic sentence (TS) using the Schaffer Method? Blue.
What is a Concrete Detail? -Stuff from the text -Support for topic/thesis - Facts, examples, descriptions, support, proof, evidence, quotations, or specifics
What color are Concrete Details (CD) using the Schaffer Method? Red.
What is Commentary? -Stuff from your head - Your opinion or comment about something. (This shows that...) - Explanation, opinion, insight, analysis, interpretations, inference, or reflection
What color is Commentary (CM) using the Schaffer Method? Green.
What is a Concluding Sentence? - The last sentence in a body paragraph - It is all commentary and does not repeat key words - Gives a finished feeling to the paragraph
What color is a Concluding Sentence (CS) using the Schaffer Method? Blue.
What is a ratio? When using the Schaffer Writing Method, it is the number of concrete details and commentary in a paragraph.
What is a chunk? -One sentence of concrete detail & 2 sentences of commentary. -It is the smallest unified group of thoughts you can write.
What are transition words? - They connect phrases together in a sentence. - They are used to make things like essays sound and flow better. Examples: First, second, next, then, such as, as a result, to sum it up, in conclusion, and etc.
What is academic language? - The kind of language used in classrooms, lectures, textbooks, and tests. Examples: analyze, justify, compare, contrast, summarize, examine, specify, clarify, critique, describe, illustrate, identify, and etc.
Created by: jmattison