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A&P 2 Lab Exam 4

Urinary, Endocrine, Reproductive

large molecules resulting from anabolism macromolecule
a biological catalyst enzyme
enzyme that hydrolyzes lipid lipase
enzyme that hydrolyzes protein protease
enzyme that hydrolyzes carbohydrates amylase
proteins are hydrolyzes into and absorbed as amino acids
lipids are hydrolyzes into and absorbed as glycerol and fatty acids
carbohydrates are hydrolyzes into and absorbed as monosaccharides
lipid digestion begins in the mouth
protein digestion begins in the stomach
urine-forming structure of the kidney nephron
region of the kidney deep to cortex; contains collecting duct renal medulla
extensions of renal cortex found in between renal pyramids renal columns
urine flowing through this structure drains into a minor calyx papillary duct
urine flowing through this structure drains into the renal pelvis major calyx
outermost region of the kidney, contains renal corpuscles renal cortex
carries urine from renal pelvis to urinary bladder ureter
blood vessel that delivers blood to glomerulus afferent arteriole
section of renal tubule that descends into medulla loop of Henle
capillary network within the renal corpuscle glomerulus
structure composed of glomerulus and glomerular capsule renal corpuscle
blood vessel that drains blood from glomerulus efferent arteriole
secretes 60% of semen volume; alkaline pH; prostaglandins seminal vesicles
organ that produces sperm testes
site of storage and maturation of sperm epididymis
secretes 25% of semen volume; increases viability and motility of sperm prostate gland
covers and protects testes scrotum
contracts to pull testes close to body; located in spermatic cord cremaster muscles
contracts to wrinkle scrotum; located in scrotal wall dartos muscles
secretes mucus for lubrication of glans; alkaline pH bulbourethral glands
part of sperm that contains chromosomes nucleus in head
cells that secrete testosterone Leydig cells
process that produces haploid sperm from diploid stem cells spermatogenesis
cells taht surround spermatocytes and spermatids and provide chemical environment for spermatogensis Sertoli cells
process that transforms spermatids into sperm spermiogenesis
part of sperm that produces ATP mitochondria in midpiece
The male reproductive system has both exocrine and endocrine functions. Name one endocrine secretion. testosterone
Name four exocrine secretions sperm, seminal fluid, prostate fluid, bulbourethral fluid
transports secondary oocyte toward uterus uterine tube
implantation of zygote and development of fetus occurs in this organ uterus
narrower portion of uterus; connects with vagina cervix
produces secondary oocytes and hormones ovary
layer of uterus that sheds during menstruation stratum functionalis of endometrium
Histology of Ovary 1-6
1 primordial follicle
2 primary follicle
3 secondary follicle
4 mature (graafian) follicle
5 corpus luteum
6 corpus albicans
the name of the male gamete sperm
the inner layer of the uterus where implantation occurs endometrium
Created by: mbrewer86