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midterm -2


Europe’s relative location: is one of centrality within the land hemisphere
The North European Lowland: is the most densley populated of europes landscapes regions
The geographic principle under which particular peoples and particular places concentrate on the production of particular goods is known as: local functional specialization
Von Thünen in his “Isolated State” argued that four rings of human activity would develop around the central town or city. The ____ [first, second, third, fourth] of these is: a zone of intensive agriculture and dairying
The Industrial Revolution in Europe:
Europe’s political revolution: ended with the formation of the german state in the 1870's
Which of the following is the strongest example of a European nation-state? poland
The three principles of spatial interaction are: complementary, intervening opportunity, transferbility
A country's leading urban center that is disproportionately large and exceptionally expressive of national feelings, such as Paris is to France, is known as the country’s ____ primate city
Which of the following is not an example of European supranationalism? the solidarity labor movement
Only the southern portion of which of the following islands was recently granted admission to the EU? cyprus
The process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy is known as: devolution
Which of the following groups have formed a rapidly growing minority presence in many European countries? muslims
Most foreign workers in Germany are of _________origin. turkish
The major river in western Germany, which enters the North Sea through the Netherlands and which passes through the Ruhr is the: the rhine
German reunification: All of the above?
The only European country with coastlines on the Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, and the North Sea is: france
The administrative headquarters of the European Union is located in: brussels
The Western European state that is not a member of the European Union is: switzerland
Significant oil and natural gas supplies have been found beneath the: the north sea
The population of Northern Ireland:
Northern Europe:
Which Nordic European city serves as a break of bulk, or entrepôt, city? copenhagen
___________ has more in common with Finland than its other neighboring states and is therefore included as part of Northern Europe estonia
The Iberian Peninsula is isolated from the rest of Europe by which mountain range? pyrenees
Italy’s economic core, no longer focused on Rome, is located today in: po river valley
Northern and Southern Italy are divided by the: ancona line
The Autonomous Community located in northeastern Spain just south of the Pyrenees Mountains that is centered on industrialized Barcelona is known as: catalonia
Spain and the United Kingdom are in dispute over which piece of territory: gibralter
The Mediterranean island contested by both Greece and Turkey is: cyrus
The term Balkanization refers to:
The Danube/Rhine River empties into which sea? north sea
From the end of World War II until 1990, Eastern Europe was dominated by the: soviet union
The Russian exclave located between Lithuania and Poland is called: kaliningrad
Which former Soviet Socialist Republic, with its capital at Mensk (Minsk), is also called White Russia, and is still strongly linked to Moscow? belarus
When a state seeks to acquire the neighboring territory that is home to ethnically similar people and territory on the other side of its international border by appealing to a concentrated group, this action is termed: irredentism
Bulgarians have felt close to the Russian population because: the russians were responsible for driving the turks from the area
Which of the following is not a state created by the breakup of former Yugoslavia? slovakia
An unusual aspect of Albania is: a large muslim population
Which of the following is associated with the concept of continental drift? pangea
A disease that spreads worldwide is known as a(n): pandemic
The major difference between an endemic and a pandemic disease is that: a pandemic moves through population, while endemic is just stable
Before independence, the modern state of The Congo was a colony of:
Which of the following states was not a colony of France prior to its independence? nigeria
Which of the following countries was not a British colony prior to its independence? ethiopia
Which of the following countries is not located in Southern Africa?
The great river of Southern Africa is the: zambezi
A unique aspect of Madagascar is that: rare plants rare animals
People of Dutch ancestry in South Africa are called: colordes or afrikaners
The Boer War took place in: south africa
The natural environment of Botswana is dominated by: cronic water shortages
Which of the following countries is the home of the Shona and Ndebele tribes where whites have been expelled by government-backed squatters seeking their land? zimbabwe
The now-independent political entity that once was a German colony named South West Africa is today known as: namibia
Cabinda is:
Tourism, once a particularly important business in _______________, struggles to remain viable in the face of numerous challenges: kenya
Dar es Salaam is the capital of: tanzania
Which of the following countries borders Lake Victoria? kenya, tanzania, uganda
Which of the following is a lingua franca?
Two countries which were originally part of German East Africa, but were given to the Belgians after World War I are: rwanda and bruundi
Rwanda and Burundi:
Which country has no dominant ethnic groups? the congo
The two groups who fought one another in the Rwandan civil war are the: hutus and tutsis
The country in Equatorial Africa with significant oil supplies and the only coastal capital is: gabon
The country in Equatorial Africa that had a border dispute with Nigeria over an oil-rich area is: cameroon
Which two colonial powers dominated West Africa? france and britain
The country that moved its capital from Lagos to the new centrally-located city of Abuja is: nigeria
The first West African state to gain its independence, formerly called the Gold Coast, is: ghana
This West African country borders Liberia, is a former French colony, and built a Roman Catholic basilica in Yamoussoukro to rival St. Peter’s in Rome: ivory coast
Which of the following countries was established by former American slaves? liberia
Which of the following is located in the African Transition Zone? the sahel
Most countries in the African Transition Zone have a ____ population in the north and a _____ population in the south. muslim / non-muslim
Which of the following countries is located in the Horn of Africa? sudan, eritrea, ethiopia, kenya, somalia
This small country gains much of its importance because of its location on the Bab el Mandeb Strait at the mouth of the Red Sea. djibouti
Which of the following countries is not included in the N Africa/SW Asia realm? pakistan
_____ is the name for the land between the rivers. mesopotamia
Hydraulic civilization theory holds that: cities were able to control irrigated farming over large hinterlands hold power over the cities.
Shi’ite/Sunni Muslims constitute the great majority of the population of: iran
About 85 percent of Muslims consider themselves: sunni
The empire that ruled over much of Southwest Asia prior to World War I was the: ottoman
Which of the following countries is not a major oil producer? turkey
The North Africa/Southwest Asia realm contains about __________ percent of the world’s oil reserves. 65
The city of __________ is located at the confluence of the White Nile and Blue Nile, and serves as the capital of __________. khartoum/sudan
The Aswan High Dam is located on the: nile river
The upstream country that could control the flow of the Nile River into Egypt is: sudan
Darfur Province, the recent scene of a massive ethnic cleansing, is located in the central-west of: sudan
Which of the following is not located within the Maghreb region? the mecca
The western North African countries of Algeria, Tunisia, and Morocco are collectively called: the maghreb
Which of the following oil producers does not border the Persian Gulf? libya
The major mountain range in North Africa is the: zagros
The North African exclaves of Ceuta and Melilla are associated with which country? spain
Which North African country fought a bitter war of liberation against the French? algeria
This country is the smallest in North Africa, but has the highest GNI per capita in North Africa. tunisia
Which of the following rivers flows through Iraq? euphrates
The ______ [Jordanians, Syrians, Egyptians] have lost which piece of territory to the Israelis? golan
Jordan has absorbed large numbers of: palestinians
Which of the following statements about Lebanon is false? all of various religious denominations have come to an accomodation that has provided peace in the country for the past 5 decades
The modern state of Israel was created in: 1948
Israel regards which city as its capital? jerusalem
The state of Israel: was created from territory that was formerly administered by the british
Which of the following countries does not share a common border with Israel? iran
From 1949 until 1967, West Jerusalem was controlled by israel
The largest oil reserves in the North Africa/Southwest Asian realm are located in: saudi arabia
Which of the following countries is not located on the Arabian Peninsula? libya
The United Arab Emirates includes the oil-rich sheikhdom known as: abu-dhabi
The choke point known as the ____________ lies between Yemen and Djibouti. bab el mandeb
The Ottoman Empire was headquartered in the city of: constantinpole
Kemal Atatürk is most closely identified with the city of: ankara
Turkey’s application for membership in the EU will be helped by all but which of the following? ceding of crete to greece
Iran differs from most of the North Africa/Southwest Asian realm in that: it is dominantly shiite
Which of the following is not one of the republics of Turkestan? azerbajan
The body of water devastated by Soviet irrigation schemes is the aral sea
Which of the following republics of Turkestan contains an ethnic majority of Persian origin? tajikistan
The most important ethnic group in Afghanistan is the: pathans
_______ dominates Western Europe demographically and economically. Germany
Created by: mlesteiro17