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Nitrogen Compounds and Carbohydrates

an organic compound formed from ammonia by replacement of one or more hydrogen atoms by organic radicals amine
general formula for an amine RNH2
RNH2 general formula for an amine
methyl amine is primary, secondary, or tertiary? primary
ethyl methyl amine is primary, secondary, or tertiary? secondary
diethyl methyl amine is primary, secondary, or tertiary? tertiary
any compound derived from ammonia by substitution of a carbonyl group (C=O) for hydrogen OR from an organic acid by replacing the -OH group with an amino group amide
amino group -NH2
-NH2 amino group
formed by the neutralization of an organic acid with ammonia amide
R-COHN-R amide
amide R-COHN-R
diethyl formamide is an example of amide
urea is an example of amide
this class of compounds has a bond between a carbonyl group and nitrogen amide
surface-active agents that are usually used for disinfection of skin, oral, and nasal cavitities and instruments, germicidal quaternary ammonium compounds
is an amide an acid, base, or salt? salt
is a quaternary ammonium compound an acid, base, or salt? salt
NR4X quaternary ammonium compound
quaternary ammonium compound NR4X
formed by the action of tertiary amines with organic halides quaternary ammonium compounds
an example of a QUAT and 3 synonyms benzyl alkonium chloride, Zephiran, Roccal, benzalkonium chloride
a compound of hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen that is an aldehyde or ketone derivative of a polyhydroxy alcohol carbohydrate
a sugar in which the functional groups are a hydroxyl (-OH) and an aldehyde group (-HCHO) aldose
a sugar whose functional groups are hydroxyl (-OH) groups and a ketone (C=O) group ketose
the simplest form of a carbohydrate consisting of a single sugar molecule monosaccharide
can monosaccharides be hydrolyzed to form a smaller carbohydrate molecule? no
classify the saccharide: glucose mono
classify the saccharide: fructose mono
classify the saccharide: galactose mono
oxidation of monosaccharides forms BLANK and BLANK carbon dioxide and water
a carbohydrate formed by the linking of two monosaccharide units disaccharide
the reaction that forms a disaccharide can be classified as a dehydration synthesis
hydrolysis of disaccharides yields monosaccharides
classify the saccharide: sucrose di
classify the saccharide: lactose di
classify the saccharide: maltose di
a polymer made by linking together a number of simple sugar molecules polysaccharide
hydrolysis of polysaccharides yields BLANK, then BLANK disaccharides then monosaccharides
classify the saccharide: starch poly
classify the saccharide: glycogen poly
classify the saccharide: cellulose poly
the storage form of glucose and is it mono, di, or polysaccharide? glycogen, polysaccharide
a five carbon sugar molecule pentose
a six carbon sugar hexose
a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6 glucose
glucose ferments in the presence of yeast to form BLANK and BLANK ethyl alcohol and carbon dioxide
an animal starch made by forming chains of alpha glucose molecules glycogen
a chemical reaction in which a substance is broken down by water hydrolysis
Created by: amyziolkowski