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Chempal-Acid/Base

Review for Acids and Bases Vocabulary Test

QuestionAnswer
a chemical dye whose color is affected by acidic and basic solutions acid-base indicator
the value of the equilibrium constant expression for the ionization of a weak acid acid ionization constant
a solution that contains more hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions acidic solution
describes water and other substances that can act as both acids and bases amphoteric
states that an acid is a substance that contains hydrogen and ionizes to produce hydrogen ions in aqueous solutions and a base is a substance that contains a hydroxide group and dissociates to produce hydroxide ions in an aqueous solution Arrhenius model
the value of the equilibrium constant expression for the ionzation of a base base ionization constant
a solution that contains more hydroxide ions than hydrogen ions basic solution
states an acid is a hydrogen ion donor and a base is a hydrogen ion acceptor Bronsted-Lowery model
a solution that resists changes in pH when limited amounts of acid and base are added buffer
the amount of acid or base a buffer solution can absorb without a significant change in pH buffer capacity
the species produced when a base accepts a hydrogen ion from and acid conjugate acid
consists of 2 substances related to each other by the donating and accepting of a single hydrogen ion conjugate acid-base pair
the species produced when an acid donates a hydrogen ion to a base conjugate base
the point at which an indicator used in a titration changes color end point
the stoichiometric point of a titration equivalence point
a reaction in which an acid and base react to produce a salt and water neutralization reaction
the negative logarithm of the hydrogen ion concentration of a solution pH
the negative logarithm of the hydroxide ion concentration of a solution pOH
an ionic compound made up a the cation from a base and the anion from an acid salt
the process in which the anions from a dissociated salt accepts the hydrogen ions from water or the cations of the dissociated salt donates hydrogen ions to water salt hydrolysis
an acid that ionizes completely in an aqueous solution strong acid
a base that dissociates entirely into metal ions and hydroxide ions in an aqueous solution strong base
the process in which an acid-base neutralization is used to determine the concentration of a solution of unknown concentration titration
acid that ionizes only partially in dilute aqueous solutions weak acid
base that ionizes only partially in dilute aqueous solution to form a conjugate acid of the base and hydroxide ions weak base
Created by: chempal