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Milady Chapter 5

Chapter 5 Infection Control

QuestionAnswer
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome, a disease caused by the HIV virus that breaks down the body's immune system AIDS
Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances. allergy
Agents formulated for use on skin. antiseptics
Short, rod-shaped bacteria; the most common bacteria; they produce diseases such as tetanus, typhoid fever, tuberculosis and diptheria. bacilli
One-celled microorganisms. Some are harmful, some are harmless. bacteria
Capable of destroying bacteria. bactericidal
Disease-causing microorganisms carried in the body by blood or body fluids. bloodborne pathogens
Slender, hair-like extensions that permit locomotion in certain bacteria; their whip-like motion moves bactria in liquid. cilia
Round shaped bacteria that appear singly or in groups. cocci
Disease that can be easily spread to others by contact. Contagious disease
Determining the nature of a disease or infection. diagnosis
Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and cause diseases such as pneumonia. diplococci
Abnormal condition of all or part of the body, organ, or mind that makes it incapable of carrying out normal function. disease
An item that can be disinfected. disinfectable
Chemical agents that destroy most bacteria, fungi and viruses, but not spores on surfaces disinfectants
Process that eliminates most microorganisms, but is not effective against bacterial spores. disinfection
Effectiveness with which a disinfecting solution kills germs, when used according to the label efficacy
Contact with non-contact skin, blood, body fluid or other potentially infectious materials that results from performance of an employees duties exposure incident
Slender, hair-like extensions that permit locomotion in certain bacteria; their whip-like motion moves bacteria in liquid flagella (singular: flagellum)
Microscopic plant parasites, including molds, mildews, and yeasts Fungi (singular: fungus)
Capable of destroying fungi fungicidal
Bloodborne virus that causes disease affecting the liver hepatitis
Human immunodeficiency virus; virus that causes AIDS HIV
Ability of the body to destroy and resist infection immunity
Invasion of body tissue by pathogenic bacteria infection
Infection that can be spread from one person to another person or from one infected body part to another infectious
Body's response to injury or infection with redness, heat, pain, and swelling inflammation
Any organism of microscopic to submicroscopic size. microorganism
Type of fungus that affects plants or grows on in animate objects but does not cause human infections in the salon setting. Mildews
Self-movement Motility
Material Safety Data Sheet; safety information about products complied by manufacturer Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
Items that can be cleaned, disinfected, and used on more than one person, even if the item is exposed to blood or body fluid multi-use
Not harmful; organisms that may perform useful functions nonpathogenic
Illness resulting from conditions associated with employment occupational disease
Plant or animal organisms that derive nutrition from another organism. parasites
Causing diesase; may cause harmful conditions or illnesses in humans. Pathogenic
Skin disease caused by infestation of head lice. pediculosis capatitis
Powerful tuberculocidal disinfectants phenolics
Absorbent, having pores or openings porous
Type of disinfecant solution safe for all uses in the salon; commonly called quats quaternary ammonium compounds
Cleaning to remove all visible residue and matter Sanitation or sanitizing
Contagious skin disease that is caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin Scabies
Disposable items that cannot be used more than once, either because they cannot be cleaned of all visible residue (such as pumice stones used for pedicures), or because cleaning and disinfecting damages them single-use or disposable
Common household bleach; disinfectant for salon use Sodium hypochlorite
Spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria that can cause diseases such as syphillis and Lyme disease Spirilla
Pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like bunches of grapes, can cause abscesses, pustules, and boils Staphylococci
Process that completely destroys all microbial life, including spores Sterilization
Pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads; they can cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning Streptococci
Disinfectants that kill the bacteria that cause tuberculosis Tuberculocidal
Set of guidelines published by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration that requires the employer and employee to assume that all human blood and body fluids contain pathogens and are thus infectious Universal precautions
Capable of destroying viruses Virucidal
Microorganism that can invade plants and animals, including bacteria Virus
Created by: lois100754
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