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Chem QIII:QIII

Alcohols, Thiols, and Ethers

QuestionAnswer
derivatives of hydrocarbons in which one or more of the hydrogen atoms has been replaced by a hydroxyl (-OH) functional group alchols
wood alchohol methanol
grain alcohol ethanol
general formula for an alcohol R-OH
an alcohol that contains an -OH functional group attached to a carbon that has one or no carbon atoms directly attached to it primary alcohol
an alcohol in which the -OH is attached to a carbon atom having two other carbon atoms directly attached to it secondary alcohol
an alcohol in which the -OH is attached to a carbon atom having three other carbon atoms attached to it tertiary alcohol
is methanol a primary, secondary, or tertiary alcohol? primary
is isopropyl alcohol a primary, secondary, or tertiary alcohol? secondary
is tert-butanol a primary, secondary, or tertiary alcohol? tertiary
alcohol with one one -OH group or hydroxyl group monohydroxy alcohols
an alcohol containing two hydroxyl groups dihydroxyl alcohols
dihydroxyl alcohols are also called diols
an alcohol containing three hydroxyl groups trihydroxyl alcohols
trihydroxyl alcohols are also called triols
glycerol or glycerin are examples of monohydroxy, dihydroxyl, or trihyrdroxyl alcohols? trihydroxyl alcohol
ethylene glycol is an example of monohydroxy, dihydroxyl, or trihydroxyl alcohols? dihydroxyl alcohol
methanol, ethanol, propanol, and butanol are examples of monohydroxy, dihydroxyl, or trihydroxyl alcohols? monohydroxy alcohols
alcohols having more than one hydroxyl group (generally more than three) polyhydroxy alcohols
sorbitol is an example of a ______ alcohol polyhydroxy
an aromatic derivative of benzene with a hydroxyl group attached to it phenol
weak acid phenol
hydroxybenzene phenol
any organic chemical that contains the -SH radical, formed when the oxygen of an alcohol is replaced by sulfur mercaptan
what is the general formula for a mercaptan? R-SH
mercaptans are also called thiols
formed during the dehydration of an alcohol where sulfuric acid is considered a dehydrating agent that removes water from two molecules of alcohol ether
the general formula for an ether ROR
Created by: amyziolkowski