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Acids and Bases Voc.


Dissociation Seperation of ions that occurs when ionic compound dissolves
Hydronium ion H3O+
Ionization Formation of ions from solute molecules by action of solvent
Strong electrolyte Large amount dissolved compound exists as ions in aqueous solutions
Weak electrolyte Small amount dissolved compound exists as ions in aqueous solutions
pH The negative of the common logarithm of the hydronium ion concentration of a solution
pOH The negative of the common logarithm of the hydroxide ion concentration of solution
Acid base indicator A compound whose color is sensitive to pH
Titration Controlled addition and measurement of the amount of solution of known concentration required to react completely with a measured amount of solution of unknown concentration
End point The point in a titration at which the indicator changes color
Equivalence point The point at which the two solutions used in a titration are present in chemically equivalent amounts
Alkaline Solution which its base has completely dissociated in water to yield aqueous OH ions
Arrhenius Acids Chemical compound that increases the concentration of hydrogen ions in aqueous solutions
Arrhenius Base Substance that increases concentration of hydroxide ions in aqueous solutions
Binary acid Acid that contains two elements: hydrogen and a more-electronegative elements
Strong acid Acid with strong electrolyte
Weak acid Acid with weak electrolyte
Amphoteric Any species that can react as an acid or base
BrØnsted-Lowery base A molecule or ion that is a proton acceptor
BrØnsted-Lowery acid A molecule or ion that is a proton donor
Lewis acid-base reaction Bond between electron pair donor and electron pair acceptor
Lewis acid Atom ion or molecule that accepts an electron pair to form a covalent bond
Lewis base Atom ion or molecule that donates an electron pair to a covalent bond
Diprotic acid An acid that can donate two protons per molecule
Monoprotic acid Acid that can only donate one proton
Polyprotic acid Acid that can donate more than one proton per molecule
Triprotic acid Acid that can donate three protons per molecule
Conjugate acid The species that is formed when Bronsted Lowry base gains a proton
Conjugate base Species that remains after Bronsted Lowry acid has given up a proton
Neutralization The reaction of hydronium ions and hydroxide ions to form water molecules
Salt An ionic compound composed of cation and the anion from an acid
Oxyacid Acid that is a compound of hydrogen oxygen and a third element: usually a non metal
BrØnsted-Lowery reaction The transfer of protons from one reactant to another
Created by: j.millsdar4