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Chemistry -C15 Vocab

Chapter 15 vocab flashcards

QuestionAnswer
Arrhenius Acid Any substance that increases hydrogen ions (h+) in aqueous solutions.
Arrhenius Base Any substance that increases the hydroxide ions in aqueous solutions.
Binary Acid An acid that contains only two different elements : hydrogen and one of the more electronegative elements.
Oxyacid An acid that is a compound oh hydrogen, oxygen and a third element, that is usually a nonmetal.
Weak Acids Acids that are weak electrolytes.
Strong Acids An acid that ionizes completely in an aqueous solution.
Alkaline When a base completely dissociates in water to yield aqueous hydroxide ions, that solution is alkaline.
Bronsted-Lowry Acid A molecule or ion that gives up a proton (H+)
Bronsted-Lowry Base A molecule or ion that accepts a proton.
Bronsted-Lowry Acid-Base Reaction A reaction in which protons are transferred from one reactant(the acid) to another (the base)
Monoprotic Acid An acid that can only give up one proton(H+) per molecule.
Polyprotic Acid An acid that can give up more than one proton(H+) per molecule.
Diprotic Acid An acid that can give up two protons(H+) per molecule.
Triprotic Acid An acid that can give up three protons(H+) per molecule.
Lewis Acid An atom, molecule or ion that gives up an electron pair to form a covalent bond.
Lewis Acid-Base Reaction The formation of one or more covalent bonds between an electron-pair donor and an electron-pair acceptor.
Conjugate Base The substance that remains after a Bronsted-Lowry acid gives up a proton(H+)
Conjugate Acid The substance that is formed after a Bronsted-Lowry base gains a proton.
Amp Any substance that can react as either a base or an acid.
Neutralization The reaction of hydronium ions (H3O) and hydroxide ions (OH) to form water molecules.
Salt An ionic compound composed of a cation from a base and an anion from an acid.
Created by: heartbreaker4074