Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how


Saturated and Unsaturated Hydrocarbons

a hydrocarbon that contains only carbon-carbon single bonds saturated hydrocarbon
hydrocarbons in which carbons are joined together by single bonds are called alkanes
CnH2n+2 is the type formula for alkanes
the type formula for alkanes is CnH2n+2
prefix meth- 1
prefix eth- 2
prefix prop- 3
prefix but- 4
prefix pent- 5
prefix hex- 6
prefix hept- 7
prefix oct- 8
prefix non- 9
prefix dec- 10
when a hydrogen atom is removed from an alkane a _______ is formed alkyl group
type formula for an alkyl group CnH2n+1
CnH2n+1 is the type formula for alkyl group
the substances formed when an alkyl group attaches to Group VII elements are alkyl halides
RX is the general formula for alkyl halides
the general formula for alkyl halides is RX
alkyl halide: carbon tetrachloride CCl4
alkyl halide: chloroform CHCl3
these hydrocarbons have multiple bonds between carbon atoms unsaturated hydrocarbons
a large molecule made by linking together a number of monomers, or basic chemical units polymer
the linking together of monomers or basic chemical units to form a polymer polymerization
substances which contain one or more double bonds between two of the carbon atoms alkenes
CnH2n is the type formula for alkenes
the type formula for alkenes is CnH2n
the simplest alkene is ethene
an unsaturated hydrocarbon containing one or more triple bonds between two of the carbon atoms alkyne
CnH2n-2 is the type formula for alkyne
the type formula for alkynes is CnH2n-2
the simplest of the alkynes, known as a settling gas: ethyne
any compound containing a resonance-stabilized ring such as benzene and its derivatives aromatic
C6H6 is benzene
a colorless flammable liquid used to synthesize many other chemicals benzene
a solvent found in paint thinners, also used to manufacture TNT toluene
C6H5CH3 toluene
this aromatic features a methyl group toluene
also called carbolic acid/weak acid, or hydroxybenzene phenol
C6H5OH phenol
this aromatic features a hydroxyl group phenol
orthodichlorobenzene has the Cl attached at the ___ and ____ carbons 1st and 2nd
metadichlorobenzene has the Cl attached at the ___ and _____ carbons 1st and 3rd
paradichlorobenzene has the Cl attached at the ___ and ____ carbons 1st and 4th
this aromatic is also used as a mold-inhibitor paradichlorobenzene
ortho, meta, and para isomers where a methyl group are the hydrogen substitutes xylenes
these aromatics make very good organic solvents and are good at synthesizing other products xylenes
ortho, meta, and para isomers where a methyl group AND a hydroxyl group are attached cresols
these aromatics make good surface disinfectants and are used in lysol products cresols
contain two or more fused benzene rings, the simplest of which is naphthalene polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons
have a ring structure that contains some element other than carbon IN the ring heterocyclic compounds
nicotine is an example of a heterocyclic compound
indole and skatole are examples of heterocyclic compounds
Created by: amyziolkowski



Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards