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Chapter 6 (vocab)

Vocab WordDefinition
Periodic Law Statement that there is a periodic repetition of chemical & physical properties of the elements when they are arranged by increasing atomic #.
Groups Boxes arranged in order of increasing atomic # into series of columns.
Periods Families & rows.
Representative Elements process of a wide range of chemical and physical properties.
Transition Elements more recent numbering system, which uses numbers 1-18
Metals elements that are generally shiny when smooth and clean solid @ room temp & good conductors of heat & electricity.
Alkali Metals Group 1A elements, except for hydrogen, that are on the left side of the northern periodic table.
Alkali Earth Metals Group 2A elements in the modern periodic table.
Transition Metals type of group B; element contained in the D-block of the periodic table & w/ some exceptions, is characterized by a filled outermost S orbital of energy level N; & filled or partially filled D orbital of energy level N-1.
Inner Transition Metals type of group B element that is contained in the F-block of the periodic table & is characterized by a filled outermost S orbital & filled or partially filled 4F&5F orbitals.
Nonmetals Elements that are generally gases or brittle, dull looking solids
Halogens Highly reactive group 7A elements
Noble Gases extremely un reactive group 8A elements
Metalloid Element w/ physical & chemical properties of both metals and nonmetals
Ion on atom or bonded group of atoms that has a positive or negative charge.
Ionized Energy defined as energy required to remove an electron from gaseous atom.
Octet Rule States an atom tend to gain, loose or share electrons in order to require full set of valance.
Created by: 1775998507