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10.1 and 10.2 Quiz

QuestionAnswer
Ionic Compounds an attraction between oppositely charged ions
Covalent Compounds a chemical compund that is formed by the sharing of electrons
Difference between Ionic and Covalent Compounds Ionic: transfer of electrons Covalent: sharing of electrons
Acid any covalent compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when dissolved in water
Acid Properties change the colors of indicators, such as blue litmus paper to red,sour,corrosive, react with some metals to make hydrogen gas, conduct an electric current when in solution.
Uses of Acids paper,paint,detergents,fertilizers,rubber,plastics,sharp taste to drinks
How do you identify acids using indicators? when an acid is added to blue litmus paper, the color of the litmus changes to red
Base any compound that increases the numbeer of hydroxide ions when dissolved in water
Base Properties increases the concentration of hydroxide ions, OH-, when dissolved in water ,bitter, slippery, corrosive,Red litmus paper turns blue when a base is added,do not react with metals,conduct an electric current when in solution
Uses of Bases soap,paper,cement,plaster,fertilizers,treat heartburn,unclog drains
How do you identify bases using indicators? Bases change the color or red litmus paper to blue. Bromthymol blue, turns a darker blue when a base is added to it
What happens when a metal reacts with an acid? Hydrogen gas is produced
Acid Chemical Formulas Hypochlorous - HClO Chlorous - HClO2 Chloric - HClO3 Perchloric - HClO4 Sulfuric - H2SO4 Sulfurous - H2SO3 Phosphoric - H3PO4 Phosphorous - H3PO3 Carbonic - H2CO3 Acetic - HC2H3O2 Oxalic - H2C2O4 Boric - H3BO3 Silicic - H2SiO3
Base Chemical Formulas Sodium Hydroxide - NaOH Potassium Hydroxide - KOH Ammonium Hydroxide - NH4OH Calcium Hydroxide - Ca(OH)2 Magnesium Hydroxide - Mg(OH)2 Barium Hydroxide - Ba(OH)2 Aluminum Hydroxide - Al(OH)3
Types of Indicators for Acids and Bases Bromthymol blue
Created by: hanethzie