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Chapter 1

Introduction to Chemistry

What is matter? anything that has mass and occupies space
What is chemistry? study of composition of matter and the changes it undergoes
What is technology? the means where a society provides its members with those things needed and desired
What is organic chemistry the study of? all chemicals that contain carbon
What is the study of all chemicals that don't contain carbon? inorganic chemistry
What do biochemist study? processes that take place in organism
What is analytical chemistry focus on? the composition of matter
Which branch of deals the mechanism rate and energy transfer that occurs during change? physical chemistry
What is basic/pure chemistry? chemistry done just for the pursuit or knowledge?
What can pure chemistry lead directly to? an application that can exist before research is done to explain how it works
What is applied chemistry research directed toward? a practical goal or application
What did technology develop? nylon an the use of aspirin to prevent heart attacks
What is the difference between macroscopic and microscopic? Macro: objects that are large enough to see with the human eye Micro: objects that can only be seen under magnification
How is chemistry relevant in conservation? it is an easy way to conserve energy through insulation, energy is consumed to keep houses warm and freezers cold.
How is chemistry relevant in production? the burning of fossil fuels for energy
What is the scientific method? a logical, systematic approach to the solution of a scientific problem
What is a proposed explanation for an observation? hypothesis
What is a well-tested explanation for a broad set of observations? theory
What is a scientific law? a concise statement that summarizes the results of many observations and experiments
What was Antoine Lavoisier's contribution to chemistry? he transformed chemistry from a science of observation to a science of measurement
What is a hypothesis? a prediction before doing an experiment
Created by: dwigmans13