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KIHSmatter

QuestionAnswer
An observation characteristics made without measurement qualitative properties
Observations with measurement (usually with equipment). quantitative properties
Another phrase for chemical change chemical reaction
A substance that cannot be broken down or decomposed into simpler substances element
A combination of two or more substances where the properties or identities of each substance are retained mixture
Two or more different substances physically combined mixture
A chemical combination of two or more different elements in a fixed proportion (ratio) compound
A mixture that is the same throughout or homogeneous solution
A combination of chemical symbpls showing the composition of a substance and the number of atoms for each element chemical formula
A modification of matter where the identity or composition remains the same physical change
A solid solution or homogeneous mixture of 2 or more metals,and sometimes nonmetallic substances alloy
A physical change or chemical reaction that releases energy exothermic
A physical change or chemical reaction that absorbs or takes in energy endothermic
A substance that easily changes to the gas state at room temperature, and often has an odor. volatile
A characteristic of matter exhibited without a change in identity. physical property
A homogeneous mixture where water is the solvent aqueous solution
A homogeneous mixture or solution where alcohol is the solvent tincture
An alloy where mercury is one of the metals present in the mixture amalgam
A type of property only observed when there is a change in the composition of a substance physical property
The measure of the amount of matter a substance contains mass
The amount of space a substance occupies (takes up) volume
A property dependent on the amount of matter present extensive (physical) property
A property that does NOT depend on the quantity of matter, but reflects the nature of the substance. intensive (physical) property
Any characteristics that describe matter or how it behaves properties
The amount of matter in a given unit of volume density
The science that studies the properties, interactions, and composition of matter chemistry
Characteristics of matter observed or measured without a change in composition physical properties
smell odor
shine luster
A physical property indicating a substance is able to be hammered or bent into different shapes (usually linked to metals) malleability
A physical property indicating a substance may drawn into thin wire (usually linked to metals) ductility
The amount of solute that can dissolve in a given amount of solvent at given conditions solubility
A substance that will easily dissolve soluble
A property indicating that a substance does NOT interact or react to another form of matter inert
A physical change from one state of matter to a new state of matter phase change
A substance that breaks apart easily indicating a low degree of hardness brittle
A substance or mixture that allows light to pass and your eye to see through it transparent
clear transparent
A substance or mixture that allow light to pass but the eye is NOT able see through it translucent
A substance or mixture that do NOT allow a person to either pass light or visually see through it opaque
A general phyiscal property indicating if a person can see through it or if it will allow the passage of light opacity
A property that can be observed only when there is a change in the composition of a substance chemical property
Characteristics that describe how a substance will interact or behave with other types of matter chemical property
A chemical property of any substance that has the ability to burn or explode combustibility
A chemical property that shows a substance will rust oxidizes
A chemical property of any substance that has the ability to catch on fire flammability
A change that always creates new substances with properties different from the original substances chemical change
A change in the composition and properties of one or more substances chemical change
A solution containing the maximum amount of solute for a given amount of solvent at a specific temperature. Any additional solute will settle to the bottom of the container saturated
A solution containing less than the maximum amount of solute for a given amount of solvent at a specific temperature. Additional solute would continue to dissolve. unsaturated
A solution with more than the maximum amount of solute for a given amount of solvent achieved by HEATING the solution to dissolve the extra solute then allowing it cool supersaturated
Any substance that will NOT dissolve in a solvent insoluble
The substance being dissolved in a solution, and is usually present in smaller quantities. solute
The substance taking action or doing the dissolving, and is present in larger quantities. solvent
A heterogeneous mixture that scatters light, doesn't settle out, but looks homogeneous to the eye. colloid
Method for testing if a mixture is a colloid or suspension by determining if it will scatter light Tyndall Effect
A temporary solution or a heterogeneous mixture that will eventually settle out or create layers suspension
Type of matter that will not decompose element
Matter that is 2 or more element chemically combined compound
Matter that has a fixed composition compound
Matter that is 2 or more substances physically combined or separated mixture
Matter that is evenly distributed resulting in samples that would appear identical homogeneous
Matter that is unequally distributed resulting in samples that would have different appearances or properties heterogeneous
Matter composed of only one kind of atom elements
Created by: wrightchem