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Aqueous

part 1

QuestionAnswer
what is the density of water? 1000 g/L
what is the molar concentration of pure water? 55.6 moles/L
what is the molecular geometry of water? bent
What is the electron geometry of water? tetrahedral
what is the angle beween the H in the water molecules? <109.5
what non-covalent interactions can water participate in? dispersion, dipole-dipole, ion-dipole, hydrogen bond (between other water molecules)
is water a good electrical conductor? no.
what is an electrolyte solution? a solution of ions
will interaction with water break covalent bonds? no
What does acid do in water? acid is a neutral compound that ionize in aqueous solution (interact so strongly that a covalent bond is broken and ions are produced)
acid substances that can ionize in aqueous solution to form H+ ions
is an H+ a proton or an electron? a proton
proton donors what acids are referred as
bases substances that react with (or accept) H+ ions
any substance that increase the concentration of OH-(aq) is a what? base
common bases metal hydroxides (like NaOH, KOH, Ca(OH)2)
strong acids chloric, hydrobromic, hydrochloric, hydroiodic, nitric, perchloric, sulfuric
strong bases Group 1A metal hydroxides, and heavy group 2A metal hydroxides (Ca, Sr, Ba)
HClO3 chloric acid
HBr hydrobromic acid
HCl hydrochloric acid
HI hydroiodic acid
HNO3 nitric acid
HClO4 perchloric acid
H2SO4 sulfuric acid
are most acids weak or strong? weak
NH3 ammonia; weak base
when does a neutralization reaction occur? when an acid solution and a base solution are mixed
neutralization reaction betwn. an acid and a metal hydroxide (strong base) produces what? water and a salt
salt any ionic compound whose cations comes from a base and whose anion comes from an acid
Created by: Tiffastic