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SPI320: Med Terms 2

Interpreter Prep: Bilingual Terminology - Musculoskeletal System

SpanishEnglish
Huesos Bones
cráneo cranium, skull
orbitas oculares orbitals
mandíbula jaw
espina dorsal spine
columna vertebral spinal column, spine, backbone
intervertebral disc disco intervertebral
vértebras cervicales cervical vertebrae
vértebras dorsales, torácicas dorsal/thoracic vertebrae
vértebras lumbares lumbar vertebrae
escápula, omóplato scapula, shoulder blade
clavícula clavicle, collarbone
húmero humerus
radio radius
cúbito ulna
huesos del carpo carpals
huesos del metacarpo, huesos metacarpianos metacarpals
falanges phalanges
esternón sternum, breastbone
costillas ribs
el costillar ribcage
la pelvis pelvis
sacro sacrum
el coxis coccyx
hueso púbico pubic bone
fémur femur, thigh bone
rótula patella, kneecap
tibia tibia, shin bone
peroné fibula, calf bone
tobillo ankle
Cuerpo Body
cabeza head
cara face
frente forehead
nariz nose
mejillas, cachetes cheeks
quijada, mentón, barbilla chin
cuello neck
nuca nape of the neck
hombro shoulder
las axilas, los sobacos armpits
brazo arm
codo elbow
antebrazo forearm
muñeca wrist
mano hand
dedos fingers
pulgar thumb
dedo índice index finger
dedo del medio middle finger
dedo anular ring finger
meñique pinky, little finger
uñas fingernails
pecho chest
abdomen abdomen
tórax thorax
espalda back
cintura lower back, waist
cadera hips, waist
las nalgas, el pompis, el trasero, la sentadera buttocks
la ingle, el ijar groin
muslo thigh
pierna leg
rodilla knee
canilla, espinilla shin
pantorrilla calf
tobillo ankle
dedos del pie toes
pie foot
planta del pie sole
talón heel
arco arch
caminar de puntillas tiptoe
músculos muscles
coyuntura, articulación joint
articulaciones en bisagra hinge joints
articulaciones esféricas ball and socket joint
articulaciones en pivote pivotal joint
cartílago cartilage
meniscus (sing.) el menisco
menisci (pl.) los meniscos
tendón tendon
tendón de Aquiles Achilles tendon
ligamento ligament
músculos voluntarios voluntary muscles
músculos involuntarios (lisos) involuntary (smooth) muscles
músculo cardíaco cardiac muscle
pectoral pectoral
bíceps bicep
oblicuo oblique
cuádriceps quadriceps
trapecio trapezoid
deltoides deltoids
tríceps triceps
glúteo gluteus
Dislocar to dislocate
La gota gout
Artritis arthritis
Artritis reumatoide rheumatoid arthritis
Quebrar to break
Fractura fracture
fractura abierta open fracture
fractura compuesta compound fracture
fractura cerrada closed fracture
fractura simple simple fracture
fractura conminuta comminuted fracture
fractura tallo verde green stick fracture
fractura espiral spiral fracture
fractura oblicua oblique fracture
fractura transversa transverse fracture
fractura por estrés, fractura por sobrecarga stress fracture
fractura patológica pathological fracture
fractura epifisaria epiphyseal fracture
fractura con hundimiento depressed fracture
fractura con desplazamiento displaced fracture
cartílago desgarrado torn cartilage
torcedura, esguince sprain
desgarre strain
tendonitis tendonitis
hueso quebrado broken bone
esclerosis múltiple multiple sclerosis
osteoporosis osteoporosis
Radiografías, rayos-x X-rays
Tomografía computarizada(TAC) CT scan, CAT scan
Imágenes por resonancia magnética (IRM) Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Electromiograma Electromyogram (EMG)
Tablilla, férula Splint
Soporte Sling
Yeso Cast
Reducción abierta Open reduction
Reducción cerrada Closed reduction
Placas Plates
Clavos Pins
Tornillos Screws
Implantes Implants
Postiza Prosthetic
Plantillas Inserts
Muletas Crutches
Silla de ruedas Wheelchair
doblar to bend
hincarse / arodillarse to kneel
agacharse to bend down
acuclillarse to squat
Created by: Flamboe