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solution chem. vocab

vocabulary of chemistry terms.

Solute a solid solution which is dissolved in a solvent to make a solution
Solvent a liquid in which a solid substance can be dissolved
Solution a change of a solid or gas changing to a liquid by dissolving in water or another liquid
Aqueous referring to a solution made with water
Freezing Point depression the lowering of the freezing point of a liquid by dissolving into a solid
Boiling Point elevation a rise in the boiling point of a liquid caused by dissolving a solid into a liquid
Saturated containing the maximum amount of solute capable of dissolving under given condition
Unsaturated having a double or triple bond and capable of taking on elements or groups by direct chem
Supersaturated containing more solute than a saturated solution therefore not in equilibrium
Distillation the process of producing a pure liquid by heating the liquid and condensing the vapor
Filtering to remove by the action of a filter
Chromatography the scientific method for separating and analysing chemicals through a porous medium
Solubility the ability of a substance to be dissolved in another substance or solvent at a given temperature or pressure
Mixture result of mixing of a number of things
Homogeneous evenly mixed or unvarying
Heterogeneous having different characteristics or qualities
Suspension the state of being suspended
Colloid a substance in very small particles the do ot settle but remain suspended in a liquid
Disassociation to disossociate
Electrolyte a chemical solution of a substance which can conduct electricity
Nonelectrolyte a conducting medium in which the flow of current is accompanied by the m
Precipitate the mass of solid particles that separate from a solution during a chemical reaction
Ionic equation an equation that represents all reactants and products that breakdown into ions in water as their ions.
Molecular equation is a balanced chemical equation in which ionic compounds are written as natural formulas rather than as ions
Spectator ion is a reactant that appears both as a reactant and ion in an ionic equation
Acid a chemical compound containing hydrogen which dissolves in water and forms hydrogen ions, or reacts with alkali to form a salt and water, it turns liptus paper red
Base a substance that reacts with an acid to make a salt
Neutralization a chemical process in which an acid reacts with a base to form a salt and water
Oxidation a chemical reaction in which a substance combines with oxygen with loss of electrons
Reduction the process of making something less, smaller, or lower, or of becoming less, lower or smaller
Molarity the strength of a solution shown as the number of moles of a substance of a liter of solution.
Molality the concentration of a solution, expressed as the number of moles dissolved in one kilogram of solvent.
Dilution the action of diluting a liquid
Titration a process of measuring the concentration of a solution
Concentration the amount of a substance in a given volume or mass of a solution
Created by: brandont.