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hunter- vocabulary

vocabulary words

Solute the substance dissolved in a solution
Solvent the dissolving medium in a solution
Solution a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances in a single phase
Aqueous any solution in which water is the solvent
Freezing point depression difference between the freezing points of a pure solvent ans a solution of a non-electrolyte in that solvent
Boiling Point elevation the difference between the boiling point of a pure solvent and a non-electrolyte of that solvent
Saturated solution that contains the maximum amount of dissolved solute
Unsaturated solution that contains less solute than a saturated solution under the existing conditions
Supersaturated a solution that contains more dissolved solute than a saturated solution contains under the same conditions
Distillation technique of heating a liquid to create a vapor which is collected when cooled separate from the original liquid
Filtering method of chemical filtering that lowers the carbonate hardness and pH of aquarium water
Chromatography method of separating and analyzing mixtures of chemicals
Solubility the amount a substance required to form a saturated solution with a specific amount of a solvent at a specified temperature
Mixture a blend of two of more kinds of matter, each of which retains its own identity and properties
Homogeneous having a uniform composition throughout
Heterogeneous not having a uniform composition throughout
Suspension mixture in which the particles in the solvent are so large that they settle out unless the mixture is constantly stirred or agitated
Colloid a mixture consisting of particles that are intermediate in size between those in solutions and suspensions forming mixtures known as colloid dispersions
Disassociation the separation of ions that occurs when an ionic compound dissolves
Electrolyte substance that dissolves in water to give a solution that conducts electric current
Non-electrolyte substance that dissolves in water to give a solution that does not conduct an electric current
Precipitate solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction in solution and that separates from the solution
Ionic equation equation that includes only those compounds and ions that undergo a chemical change in a reaction in an aqueous solution
Molecular equation equation for a chemical reaction in which all formulas are written as if all substances existed as molecules
Spectator ion ion that does not take part in a chemical reaction and is found in solution both before and after the reaction
Acid chemical species that donates protons or hydrogen ions and/or accepts electrons
Base chemical species that donates electons or hydroxide ions or that accepts protons
Neutralization the reaction of hydronium ions and hydroxide ions to form water molecules
Oxidation reaction in which the atoms or ions of an element experience an increase in oxidation state
Reduction reaction in which the oxidation state of an element decreases
Molarity number of moles of solute in one liter of solution
Molality concentration of a solution expressed in moles of solute per kilogram of solvent
Dilution process of reducing the concentration of a solute and a solution usually simply by mixing with more solvent
Titration controlled addition and measurement of the amount of a solution of known concentration required to react completely with a measured amount of a solution of unknown concentration
Concentration measure of the amount of solute in a given amount of solcent or solution
Created by: hunter14