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bio test 3

Substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without it being used up Mass
Quantity of matter an object has Atom
Smallest part of an element that retains the properties of that element Matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space Solid
State of matter in which atoms are tightly packed Gas
State of matter in which atoms are loosely packed Liquid
State of matter in which the substance can be poured Catalyst
Equal to the number of protons and neutrons in an atom Atomic Mass
Equal to the number of protons in an atom Atomic Number
Simplest part of a substance that retains properties of that substance Molecule
Bond formed when pairs of electrons are shared Covalent
Bond formed when two oppositely charged ions are attracted Ionic
Pure substances that cannot be broken down further chemically Element
Negatively charged particles orbiting the nucleus of an atom Electron
Positively charged particles in the nucleus of an atom Proton
Particles with no charge in the nucleus of an atom Neutron
Substance dissolved in a solution Solute
Substance in which a solute is dissolved Solvent
Mixture in which one or more substances are dissolved in another substance Solution
How much solute is dissolved in a fixed amount of solution Concentration
Solution with a greater number of OH ions Base
Solution with a greater number of H ions Acid
Scale used to measure the acidity or alkalinity of a substance PH
Reaction that does not require energy to occur Exergonic
Reaction that requires energy to occur Endergonic
Molecule that is the universal solvent Water
Repeating units of carbon compounds Monomer
Complex molecules consisting of repeating units Polymer
Reaction in which a large molecule is broken down into smaller ones and water is used up Hydrolysis
Reaction in which large molecules are formed when water is lost Condensation
Simple sugar group Monosaccharide
Double sugar group Disaccharide
Proteins that act as catalysts in living things Enzyme
Substance that an enzyme reacts with Substrate
made up of amino acids Proteins
made up of 3 fatty acids and one glycerol Lipids
made of nucleotides Nucleic Acids
has the general formula CH20 Carbohydrates
starch Carbohydrates
meat Proteins
enzymes Proteins
steroids Lipids
DNA Nucleic Acids
RNA Nucleic Acids
Oil Lipids
Glucose Carbohydrates
Fat Lipids
Cellulose Carbohydrates
Wax Lipids
Table Sugar Carbohydrates
Glycogen Carbohydrates
Provides 9 Calories/gram energy Lipids
Provides 4 Calories/gram energy Carbohydrates and Proteins
Contain the carbon atom All 4 Groups
What are three factors that affect how enzymes work? Concentration, PH and temperature
what are the 6 most common elements found in living things? carbon, hydrogen,oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus, and calcium
An acid has a PH ___ than 7, while a base has a PH ____ greater than 7 less, greater
Starch Lugol
Sugar Benedict
Protein Biuret
Lipid Sudan Red
Created by: langkat13