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lit terms 1231241

QuestionAnswer
Allusion A reference in a work of literature to something outside the work, especially to a well-known historical or literary event, person, or work.
Attiture A speaker’s, author, or character’s disposition toward or opinion of a subject.
Details (choice of details) Items or parts that make up a larger picture of story.
Devices of Sound The techniques of deploying the sound of words, especially in poetry.
Diction Word choice
Figurative Language Writing that uses figures of speech such as metaphor, simile, and irony.
Imagery The images of a literary work; the sensory details of a work; the figurative language of a work.
Irony A figure of speech in which intent and actual meaning differ, characteristically praise for blame or blame for praise; a pattern of words that turns away from direct statement of its own obvious meaning.
metaphor A figurative use of language in which a comparison is expressed without the use of a comparative term like “as”, “like”, “than.”
Narrative techniques The methods involved in telling a story; the procedures used by a writer of stories or accounts.
Omniscient Point of View The vantage point of a story in which the narrator can know, see, and report whatever he or she chooses.
Point of View Any of several possible vantage points from which a story is told.
Resources of Language A general phrase for the linguistic devices or techniques that a writer can use.
Rhetorical Techniques The devices used in effective or persuasive language.
Satire Writing that seeks to arouse a reader’s disapproval of an object by ridicule.
Setting The background to a story; the physical location of a play, story, or novel.
Simile A directly expressed comparision; a figure of speech comparing two objects, usually with “like,” “as,” or “than.”
Strategy (or Rhetorical Strategy) The management of language for a specific effect. Structure – The arrangement of materials within a work; the relationship of the parts of a work to the whole; the logical divisions of work.
Style The mode of expression in language; the characteristic manner of expression of an author.
Symbol Something that is simultaneously itself and a sign of something else.
Syntax The structure of a sentence; the arrangement of words in a sentence.
Theme The main thought expressed by a work
Tone The manner in which an author expresses his or her attitude; the intonation of the voice that expresses meaning.
Allegory A story in which people, things, and events have another meaning.
Ambiguity Multiple meanings a literary work may communicate, especially two meanings that are incompatible.
Apostrophe Direct address, usually to someone or something that is not present.
Connotation The implications of a word or phrase, as opposed to its exact meaning.
Convention A device of style or subject matter so often used that it becomes a recognized means of expression.
Denotation The dictionary meaning of a word, as opposed to connotation
Didactic Explicitly instructive.
Digression The use of material unrelated to the subject of a work.
Epigram A pithy saying, often using contrast
Euphemism A figure of speech using indirection to avoid offensive bluntness.
Grotesque Characterized by distortions or incongruities
Hyperbole Deliberate exaggeration, overstatement.
Jargon The special language of a profession or group.
Literal Not figurative; accurate to the letter; matter of fact or concrete.
Lyrical Songlike; characterized by emotion, subjectivity, and imagination
Oxymoron A combination of opposites; the union of contradictory items
Parable A story designed to suggest a principle, illustrate a moral, or answer a question.
Paradox A statement that seems to be self-contradicting but, in fact, is true
Parody A composition that imitates the style of another composition that imitates the style of another composition normally for comic effect.
Personification A figurative use of language that endows the nonhuman with human characteristics.
Reliability A quality of some fictional narrators whose word the reader can trust.
Rhetorical Question A question asked for effect, not in expectation of a reply.
Soliloquy A speech in which a character who is alone speaks his or her thoughts aloud
Stereotype A conventional pattern, expression, character, or idea.
Syllogism A form of reasoning in which two statements are made and a conclusion is drawn from them
Thesis The theme, meaning, or position that a writer undertakes to prove or support.
Alliteration The repetition of identical or similar consonant sounds, normally at the beginning of words.
Assonance The repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds.
Ballad Meter A four-line stanza rhymed abcb with four feet in lines one and three and three feet in lines two and four.
Blank Verse Unrhymed iambic pentameter
Dactyl A metrical foot of three syllables, an accented syllable followed by two unaccented syllables.
End-stopped A line with a pause at the end
Free Verse Poetry which is not written in a traditional meter but is still rhythmical
Heroic Couplet Two end-stopped iambic pentameter lines rhymed aa, bb, cc with the thought usually completed in the two-line unit
Hexameter A line containing six feet.
Iamb A two syllable foot with an unaccented syllable followed by an accented syllable
Internal Rhyme Rhyme that occurs within a line, rather than at the end
Onomatopoeia use of words whose suggests their meaning.
Pentameter line containing five feet.
Rhyme Royal A seven-line stanza of iambic pentameter rhymed ababbcc.
Sonnet Normally a fourteen-line iambic pentameter poem
Stanza Usually a repeated grouping of three or more lines with the same meter rhyme scheme.
Terza Rima A three-line stanza rhymed aba, bcb, cdc.
Tetrameter A line of four feet
Antecedent That which goes before, especially the word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers.
Clause A group of words containing a subject and its verb that may or may not be a complete sentence
Ellipsis The omission of a word or several words necessary for a complete construction that is still understandable.
Imperative The mood of a verb that gives an order
Modify To restrict or limit in meaning.
Parallel Structure A similar grammatical structure within a sentence or within a paragraph.
Periodic Sentence A sentence grammatically complete only at the end.
Sarcasam a sharply ironical taunt
Verbal Irony figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant
Dramatic Irony irony that is inherent in speeches or a situation of a drama and is understood by the audience but not grasped by the characters in the play.
overstatement exaggeration
metonymy a figure of speech that consists of the use of the name of one object or concept for that of another to which it is related, or of which it is a part, as “the bottle” for “strong drink"
olfactory of or pertaining to the sense of smell
Created by: epurcell7