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qb chem quiz

quiz bowl chemistry

QuestionAnswer
known as the father of chemistry. and first to separate chemistry from alchemy Boyle
discovered hydrogen and showed that water is a compound of hydrogen and oxygen cavendish
discovered hydraulic acid, laughing gas, and oxygen, and prepared carbon monoxide and ammonia priestly
"father of modern chemistry", wrote the first modern textbook of chemistry "elements of chemistry". discovered the role of oxygen in combustion and resperation and overthrew GE stahls theory on combustion lavoisier
discovered sodium, potasium, magnesium, barium, calcium, and strontium davy
pioneered work in gases; formulated the law that all gases expand by equal amounts when subjected to equal increments in temperature; first to isolate the element boron and to introduce the terms pipette and burette lussac
formulated the law of partial pressure in gases and developed the atomic theory and explained its application dalton
developed the law that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure contain equal numbers of molecules; coined the term molecule and regarded as one of the founders of physical chemistry. avogadro
discovered a mathmatical relationship between electricity and the valence of a chemical element; these laws of electrolysis bear his name' a pioneer in the liquification of gases. faraday
devised the periodic table; wrote elements of chemistry mendeleev
founder of microbiology; laid the foundation of the germ theory of disease; developed pasteurization; developed a vaccine against rabies; founder of preventive medicine pasteur
shared the nobel prize for physics in 1903 with marie and pierre curie for the discovery of natural radioactivity becquerel
discovered radium and polonium while working in conjunction with pierre curie and henri becquerel; she won the nobel prize for chemistry in 1911 for the discovery of radium and polonium and isolation and study of radium curie
developed the theory of the atom; discovered alpha and beta rays and protons; known as the father of nuclear science; won the nobel prize for chemistry in 1908 rutherford
developed a theory of atomic structure bohr
won the nobel prize in chemistry in 1918 haber
developed the theory of relativity and demonstrated the relationship between matter and energy einstein
known for his theory on acids and bases bronsted
known for his theory on acids and bases developed independently of bronsted lowry
discovered the positron or anti-electron anderson
won the nobel prize for physics in 1935 for his discovery of the neutron chadwick
invented the cyclotron lawrence
received the nobel prize for chemistry in 1944 for the discovery of the fission in heavy nuclei hahn
shared the nobel prize for chemistry in 1951 with mcmillan for the discovery of transuranium elements; discovered elements 94-98 and 101-102 seaborg
won the nobel prize for chemistry in 1954 for his research into the nature of the chemical bond; studies with vitamin C pauling
demonstrated from the leaning tower of pisa that bodies of different weights accelerate uniformly; discovered the law of the pendulum; formed the 3 laws of motion; wrote discourses concerning two new sciences galilei
invented the first practical mercury thermometer fahrenheit
determined the specific gravity of hydrogen and carbon dioxide; showed that common air is 4/5 nitrogen and 1/5 oxygen cavendish
invented the voltaic pile, the electric battery; an electromagnetic unit, the volt is named in his honor volta
formulated the law of partial gases and developed an atomic history about the structure of matter dalton
developed principles of electromagnetism using electric currents; the ampere, a unit of intensity in named in his honor ampere
descovered electromagnetic induction; formulated laws of electrolysis faraday
demonstrated the rotation of the earth with foucault's pendulum and built the first gyroscope; proved that velocity of light is greater in the air than in the water; the eddy current or foucault current is named after him foucault
formulated the law on the relationship between heat and mechanical energy; joule
discovered electromagnetic radio waves, called hertzian waves; a hertz, a unti of frequency is named in his honor hertz
discovered x-rays; awarded the nobel prize for physics in 1901 (awarded the first nobel prize) roentgen
discovered the electron in 1897 and won the nobel prize in 1906 for physics for the study of conduction of electricity through gases thomson
"father of nuclear physics" because he formulated the first explanation of radioactivity; best known for his description of the nuclear structure of the atom rutherford
developed the quantum theory of energy for which he won the nobel prize for physics in 1918 planck
developed a theory of relativity; awarded the nobel prize for physics in 1921 for his work in the photoelectric effect; developed a unified field theory einstein
won the nobel prize in 1922 for his investigation of atomic structure and radiation; founder of the modern quantum theory of matter and modern theory of atomic and molecular structure bohr
founder of wave mechanics; received the nobel prize in 1929 for the discovery of the wave-like nature of electrons broglie
discovered the neutron for which he was awarded the nobel prize in 1935 chadwick
inventor of the cyclotron and won the nobel prize in 1939 lawrence
got the nobel prize along with Hess for his work in cosmic rays anderson
split the atom in nuclear fission; received the nobel prize in 1938 for his experiments with radioactivity; produced the first atomic chain reaction and helped develop the atomic bomb in the 1940's fermi
directed construction of the first atomic bomb as part of the manhattan project; known as the father of the atomic bonb oppenheimer
devleoped the hydrogen bomb; known as the father of the hydrogen bomb teller
Created by: jshin