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Chem3401_Wk4

QuestionAnswer
Carbonyl group A carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom.
Aldehyde A carbonyl-containing organic compound in which the carbonyl carbon atom has at least one hydrogen atom directly attached to it.
Ketone A carbonyl-containing organic compound in which the carbonyl carbon atom has two other carbon atoms directly attached to it. Includes many important steroid hormones
Carboxylic acid A compound in which one of the two additional bonds of the carbonyl carbon atom must be a hydroxyl atom, an alkyl or cycloalkyl group or an aromatic ring system.
Ester A compound in which one of the two additional bonds of the carbonyl carbon atom must be to a oxygen atom, which in turn is bonded to an alkyl, cycloalkyl or aromatic group
Carboxyl group A (C=O) group with a hydroxyl group (-OH) bonded to the carbon atom.
Lactic acid Carboxylic acid produced by skeletal muscles during strenuous exercise causing muscle cramps
Ester A carboxylic acid derivative in which the –OH portion of the carboxyl group has been replaced with an –OR group
Aspirin An ester of salicylic acid that has analgesic properties.
Amine Derivative of ammonia in which one or more alkyl, cycloalkyl or aryl groups are attached to the nitrogen atom.
Neurotransmitter A chemical substance that is released at the end of nerve, travels across the synaptic gap between the nerve and another nerve and then bonds to a receptor site on the other nerve triggering a nerve impulse.
Amide A carboxylic acid derivative in which the carboxyl –OH group has been replaced with an amino or substituted amino group.
Melatonin Amide hormone that regulates the sleep-wake cycle.
Uremia Toxic buildup of the amide, urea, in the kidneys.
Macrolide antibiotics Family of large-ring lactones used to treat infections caused by gram positive bacteria.
Created by: blaisemyers