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Chem3401_Wk3

QuestionAnswer
Organic chemistry The study of hydrocarbons and their derivatives
Bonding of the carbon atom Can share four valence electrons through four covalent bonds.
Hydrocarbon A compound that contains carbon and hydrogen and one or more additional elements; divided into two classes, saturated and unsaturated.
Alkane A saturated hydrocarbon in which the carbon atom arrangement is acyclic and contains only carbon-carbon single bonds.
Carbon atom classification Carbon atoms in a hydrocarbon structure can be classified according to how many other carbons are attached.
Functional group The part of the organic molecule where most of its chemical reactions occur.
Alkene An acyclic unsaturated hydrocarbons that contains one or more carbon-carbon double bonds.
Cycloalkene A cyclic unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains one or more carbon-carbon double bonds within the ring system.
Alkyne An acyclic unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds.
Aromatic hydrocarbon An unsaturated cyclic hydrocarbon that does not readily undergo addition reactions.
Bonding of oxygen atom Can form either two single bonds or a double bond.
Alcohol An organic compound in which an –OH group is bonded to a saturated carbon atom
Phenol An organic compound in which an –OH group is attached to a carbon atom that is part of an aromatic carbon ring system.
Antioxidant Substance that protects other substances from being oxidized by being oxidized itself in preference to the other substances
Antiseptic Substance that kills microorganisms on living tissue.
Disinfectant Substance that kills microorganisms on inanimate objects.
Created by: blaisemyers