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Starke Verben 2

German Strong Irregular Verb List - Translations

backen to bake
befehlen to command (fehlen - to lack = weak)
beginnen to begin
beißen to bite
bergen to rescue; hide
bersten to crack; burst
bewegen to induce (bewegen - to move = weak)
biegen to bend; turn
bieten to offer
binden to bind
bitten to ask, request
blasen to blow
bleiben to stay; remain
braten to fry, roast
brechen to break
brennen burn
bringen to bring
denken to think
dreschen to thresh
dingen to hire, engage* (Archaic - except "sich (etwas) ausbedingen" - to make something a conditions is still used in NR)
Dringen to penetrate
empfehlen recommend
erkiesen to chose
erlöschen to go out (lights)# (löschen - to extinguish = weak)
erschrecken to be startled# (erschrecken - to frighten = weak)
essen to eat
fahren to go, drive
fallen to fall
fangen to catch
finden to find
flechten to plait, braid
fliegen to fly
fliehen to flee
fließen to flow
fragen to ask
fressen to eat (said of animals)
frieren to freeze
gären to ferment* (strong forms are used literally)
gebären to give birth
gedeihen to thrive
gehen to go
gelingen to succeed (misslingen has same form)
gelten to be valid
genesen to recover°
genießen to enjoy
geschehen to happen
gewinnen to win
gießen to pour
gleichen to resemble
gleiten to glide, slide (begleiten - to accompany = weak)
glimmen to glimmer°
graben to dig
greifen to grasp
halten to hold; stop (beinhalten - to compromise & haushalten - to be economical = weak)
hauen to chew* (hieb is used in literary German meaning to hew, cut sth. w/ a Sword)
heben to lift
heißen to be called
helfen to help
kennen to know
klimmen to climb
klingen to sound
kneifen to pinch
kommen to come
kriechen to creep, crawl
küren to choose
laden to load; invite (einladen is more commonly used for invite)
lassen to leave; let (veranlassen - to cause = weak)
laufen to run
leiden to suffer (verleiden - to spoil = weak)
leihen to borrow; lend
lesen to read
liegen to lie
lügen to tell lies
mahlen to grind
meiden to avoid
melken to milk
messen to measure
nehmen to take
nennen to name, call
pfeifen to whistle
preisen to praise
quellen to gush, well/bubble up
raten to advise
reiben to rub
reißen to tear
reiten to ride (a horse)
rennen to run
riechen to smell
ringen to wrestle
rinnen to flow, trickle
rufen to call, cry out
salzen to salt
saufen to drink (said of animals); booze
saugen to suck* (In technical language, only the weak forms are used, i.e. staubsaugen - to vacuum)
schaffen to create* (schaffen - to manage, work = weak)
scheiden to seperate; to divorce
scheinen to seem; shine
scheißen to shit 'vulg.'
schelten to scold
scheren to shear, clip (scheren - concern, as in sich scheren - to bother about; clear off = weak)
schießen to shoot
schinden to flay; ill-treat
schlafen to sleep
schlagen to hit
schleichen to creep
schleifen to grind; sharpen (schleifen - to drag = weak)
schließen to shut
schlingen to wind, wrap
schmeißen to chuck 'vulg.'
schmelzen to melt
schneiden to cut
schreiben to write
schreien to shout, scream
schreiten to stride
schweigen to not speak
schwellen to swell
schwimmen to swim (when used transitively = weak)
schwinden to disappear
schwingen to swing
schwören to swear* (in literary circles schwur is used)
sehen to see
senden to send (the weak forms are used in technical senses - to broadcast, etc.)
sieden to boil° SG
singen to sing
sinken to sink
sinnen to meditate°
sitzen to sit
spalten to split, cleave
speien to spit, spew°
spinnen to spin; to be stupid
sprechen to speak
sprießen to sprout°
springen to jump
stechen to prick
stehen to stand
stehlen to steal
steigen to climb; rise
sterben to die
stieben to fly up (like dust)°
stinken to stink
stoßen to bump; push
streichen to stroke
streiten to quarrel
tragen to carry; wear (beantragen - to apply & beauftragen - to commission = weak)
treffen to meet; hit
treiben to drive; drift
treten to step
triefen to drip°
trinken to drink
trügen to deceive
tun to do
verbleichen to fade (simple bleichen - to bleach & erbleichen - to turn pale = weak)
verderben to spoil
verdrießen to vex°
vergessen to forget
verlieren to lose
verschleißen to wear out
verzeihen to excuse
wachsen to grow
wägen to weigh (one's words) (erwägen - to consider = strong)
waschen to wash
weben to weave (usually weak but strong forms are used in literary German)
weichen to yield, give away (weichen - to soften, einweichen - soak & aufweichen - to make soft = weak)
weisen to point
wenden to turn (irregular forms wandte & h. gewandt are used more frequently, except in the sense... to turn round, to turn over (eg das Auto, das Heu wenden), entwenden - to steal, pilfer & verwenden - to use, apply or employ)
werben to recruit; advertise
werfen to throw
wiegen to weigh (wiegen - to rock [cradle, etc.] = weak)
winden to wind, twist°
winken to wave
wringen to wring (NG clothes, etc.)
ziehen to pull; force
zwingen to force
# transitive
° elevated
* archaic or literary
Created by: Henretta84