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Pharmacology#1

Chapters 10-14

QuestionAnswer
The study of drugs and their actions in the body Pharmacology
The art of preparing, compounding, and dispensing drugs for medicinal use Pharmacy
The science that deals with poisons, their detection and symptoms, diagnosis and treatment Toxicology
The field of pharmacology that involves using living cells to manufacture drugs (ex: E-coli) Biotechnology
Any substance used as medicine to diagnoses, cure, mitigate, treat or prevent disease Drug
Name 4 different kinds of substances used as a drug or medicine Chemical substances, plant parts or products,animal products or food substances
Combined effect of 2 drugs that is equal to the sum of the effects of each drug alone Additive effect
An action, ususally negative, that is different from the planned effect Adverse or untoward effect
An untoward or adverse effect that develops after the person has taken a drug Allergic Reaction
A chemical compound that resembles another in structure, but has different effects Analog
The combined effect of 2 drugs that is less than the effects of either drug taken alone Antagonism
Formation of a chemical compound by enzymes, either in vivo or invitro (organism or cells) Biosynthesis
A decrease in activitu of cells caused by the action of a drug Depression
Pertaining to the art of or act of determining the nature of a patients disease Diagnostic
Abnormal sensitivity to a drug , or reaction that is not intended Idiosyncrasy
An agent or measure that relieves symptoms Palliative
An effect that occurs when a drug increases or prolongs the active of another drug, the total effect is greater than the sum of the effects of each used along Potentiation
A vaccincation or an agent or measure used to prevent disease Prophylactic
An unpredictable effect that is not related to the main action of the drug Side effect
An increase in the activity of cells produced by drugs Stimulation
The joint action of agents in which the combined effect is longer that the sum of the individual effects Synergism
Pertaining to the treatment of disease Therapeutic
Increased resistance to an established dosage of a drug as a result of continued use Tolerance
Name 3 Schedule I Drugs Marijuana, herion, LSD, mescaline
Name 3 Schedule II drugs Cocaine, methadone, oxycodone, raw opium, morphine, codeine.
Name 3 Schedule III drugs nalorphine, combos of amobarbital, secobarbital or pentobarbital w/other active ingredients, compounds w/limited concentrations of codeine, opium or morphine
Name 3 Schedule IV Drugs diazepam, flurazepam, oxazepam
Name 3 Schedule V drugs Lomotil,atropine, compounds w/linited amts of codeine, opium
What is the PDR? Physicians' Desk Reference
what is the USP? United States Pharmacopoeia/National Formulary
A medical doctor who treats mental disorders and who can write prescriptions Psychiatrist
A doctor who treats mental disorders but who cannot prescribe drugs Psychologist
Created by: astahlstudy