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ELA Final Review

6th Grade ELA Keywords to Review for the Final Exam

Inference to figure out something based on prior knowledge and evidence from the text.
Draw a conclusion to make a decision or generalization based on evidence from the text.
First person point of view when the narrator is a character in the story and uses pronouns I and me.
Third person omniscient point of view when the narrator is outside the story and knows the thoughts and feelings of all characters.
Third person limited-omniscient point of view when the narrator is outside the story but limits the narration to a single character’s perspective.
Simile compares two unlike things using like or as, such as cute as a button.
Metaphor compares two unlike things without using like or as, such as a wave of justice.
Personification gives human qualities to animals or objects, such as howling wind.
Hyperbole makes an exaggeration or overstatement. (e.g., This backpack weighs a ton.)
Onomatopoeia a sound device in which a word imitates the sound it represents, such as crash and buzz.
Alliteration a sound device in which the beginning sounds in words are repeated, such as leaping leopards and happy hands.
Cause an event or thing that makes something else happen.
Effect something that happens after and as a result of a cause.
Protagonist main character or hero in a story.
Antagonist the character or group of characters opposing the protagonist in a story.
Setting the time and place of a story.
Conflict the problem in a story.
Internal conflict a problem within the mind of one character.
External conflict a problem that takes place between a character and an outside force or person.
Tone the attitude of the writer in a story.
Flashback an interjected scene in a story that takes place at an earlier time.
Foreshadowing when the author gives hints about what is to come in the story.
Main idea a central thought or idea.
Compare to look at the similarities between two things.
Contrast to look at the differences between two things.
Stanza a verse in poetry where the lines are written together using a pattern.
Rhyme scheme the pattern of rhyming lines in a poem.
Repetition when sounds, words, phrases, or patterns are repeated throughout a poem for emphasis.
Refrain a word, phrase, line, or group of lines that is repeated throughout a poem.
Free verse a type of poetry that does not have regular meter or rhyme scheme.
Narrative poem poem that tells a story through poetry.
Drama a story written to be performed by actors.
Monologue a lengthy speech by one person.
Stage directions instructions in a drama meant for the actor.
Fiction text with plot, character, point of view, setting, and theme, such as legends and myths.
Legend a story about a human being that is passed down through history and often teaches a lesson.
Myth a story passed down through history that is meant to explain the supernatural or unknown.
Nonfiction text written to explain, argue about, or describe, such as biographies and personal essays.
Biography a written account of a real person’s life.
Autobiography a written account of a real person’s life written by that person.
Central idea the main idea or key point made in the text.
Author’s bias his preference toward a specific point of view.
Facts statements that can be proven true.
Opinions statements that reflect personal feelings or beliefs.
Graphic organizer organizes information in a visual system, such as a Venn diagram or web.
Table of contents a listing in the front of a book of all its chapters or sections in order by page.
Glossary an alphabetical listing in the back of a book of difficult words or concepts from the text and their meanings.
Propaganda a type of persuasive advertising that tends to be biased or one-sided.
Testimonial a type of propaganda in which a celebrity endorses a product or process.
Bandwagon a type of propaganda that claims everyone is using a certain product or process.
Context clues words or phrases in a sentence that provide examples, definitions, or restatements of unfamiliar words.
Idiom an expression that cannot be literally understood from the meanings of its separate words but must be learned as a whole, such as raining cats and dogs.
Euphemism a harmless word or phrase that stands in for another word or phrase that is thought to be unpleasant, such as using passed away instead of died.
Denotation a word's literal dictionary definition.
Connotation includes the emotional feelings a word carries and implies.
Transitions words or phrases in writing that smoothly lead from one idea to the next, such as therefore and next.
Appositive a word or phrase that renames a noun and is set apart by commas unless necessary to the meaning of the sentence. (Bob, my neighbor, plays tennis.)
Narrative writing that tells a story.
Plot is the sequence of events, including the exposition, crisis, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution.
Sensory details descriptive details in writing based on the five senses of taste, smell, touch, hearing, and sight.
Persuasive writing meant to convince the reader to a certain course of thought or action.
Paraphrase to state in your own words the meaning of what someone else has said or written.
Summarize to retell the important ideas from what you read or heard in fewer words.
Bibliography a list of sources referred to in a piece of writing.
Author’s purpose the reason the author crafts a piece of writing, such as to entertain, inform, or persuade.
Created by: chrismit
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