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What is the disaccharide when glucose and fructose bond together? Sucrose
This monosaccharide is shaped like a pentagon Fructose
This monosaccharide is shaped like a hexagon Glucose
What is the disaccharide composition of Sucrose? Glucose+Fructose
What is the element composition for a hydroxyl group? [OH]
What is the element composition for a carbonyl group? [COOH]
What is the name of the bond that forms between amino acids? Peptide bond
What is the term for "Water-Fearing"? Hydrophobic
What is the term for "Water-Loving" Hydrophilic
What is the polarity of a phospholipid? The head is polar, hydrophilic, the two fatty acid tails are non-polar, hydrophobic
What is the backbone of a triglyceride? Glycerol
This monosaccharide is shaped like a hexagon, primarily used in insulin metabolism Glucose
This monosaccharide is an isomer of glucose Galactose & Fructose
What is a disaccharide that is composed of two glucoses Maltose
what is an Isomer Compounds with the same formula, but a different arrangement of atoms.
What is the composition of lactose? Glucose+Galactose
What is the composition of Maltose? Glucose+Glucose
Is Maltose a Mono, Di, or poly-saccharide Disaccharide
What is the chemical formula of Glucose C6H12O6
What is the chemical formula of Fructose C6H12O6
What is the Chemical formula of galactose C6H12O6
This is the main component in table sugar Sucrose
Animal lipids are called this Fats
Plant lipids are called this Oils
This is an example of a Nucleic Acid DNA/RNA
What is DNA/RNA in terms of classification of our four main macromolecules? Nucleic Acid
This is the monomer of Nucleic Acids Nucleotides
This is a monomer of Carbohydrates Monosaccharides
This is a monomer of Proteins Amino Acids
This is a monomer of Lipids Glycerol and Fatty acids
What is the composition of a triglyceride 1 glycerol, 3 Fatty Acids
What is the three tails of a triglyceride called? Fatty acid tails
This means that a chain is Hydrogen- Rich Saturated
This means that a chain is Hydrogen-Poor Unsaturated
What type of bond is found within a unsaturated fatty acids A single bond
Phospholipids have a ____phosphate head group Polar, Hydrophilic
Phospholipids have a _____ fatty acid tails Non-polar, hydrophobic
This prefix means one: Mono
This prefix means two Di
This prefix means many Poly
This Macromolecule contains Thymine and Adenine Nucleic Acids
Lactose is an example of what macromolecule? Carbohydrate
How many Valence é (electrons) does carbon have? 4
What type of energy storage do carbohydrate engage in? immediate energy
Another word for simple sugars is... disaccharide
What is cellulose present in? plant cell walls
What is glycogen present in? animals liver and muscles
Two functions of lipids is to... Store energy, form cell membranes
another two functions of lipids is to... form waterproof coverings, and hormones
What are hormones? A lipid, they are a chemical messenger
properties of unsaturated fatty acids are oils that tend to be liquid at room temperature
properties of saturated fatty acids are butter, lard that tends ti be solid at RT
Created by: Applejuice1276
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