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Music 1306 FINAL


classicism-period in western music- emcompassed the years______to________. 1750 to 1820
describe the characteristics of the music of the classical period.. end of basso continuo, singable melody, gradual dynamics, flexible rhythm, homophonic texture, classical forms & movements- fast, slow, dance, fast
describe the social organization of the classical period. rise of middle class, enlightenment
what instruments made up the typical orchestra of the classical period? percussion-timpani, brass-2 trumpets, 2 french horns, string-violins, violas, cello, double bass. woodwind- 2 flute, 2 oboe, 2 clarinet, 2 bassoon
what is the usual order of movements in a classical symphony or string quartet? fast slow dance fast
describe the components of sonata form, the minuet and the rondo. sonata-changing key modulate: 1-exposition 2-recapulation 3-development. rondo-ABACA or ABACABA
beethoven greatly expanded the _____ section of the sonata form movement until it became a second development. coda- variation, tail- reenforces the tonic (original key)
the classical concerto differs from the symphony in that it does not have a ________ movement. dance (minuet)
scherzo(joke) FAST dance
a brilliant solo section in a concerto designed to display the performers' virtuosity is called ________ cadenza
how is sonata form adapted for the concerto in the classical period? double exposition-soloists play themes
an _______ is a play, set to music, sung to orchestral accompaniment, with scenery, costumes, & action. opera
a song for solo voice w/ orchestral accompaniment is called.. aria
________ refers to a vocal line that imitates the rhythms and pattern of speech. rechitative
Who was Don Giovanni? lady killer, raper
describe the plot of the mozart opera-Don Giovanni his 1st loves follows him around, he rapes his 2nd love & kills her father, he tries to lure his 3rd love from her fiance, one woman tries to save him but he deteroates to hell
romanticism in western music roughly encompassed the years _____ to _____. 1820 to 1900
the composer whose career was a model for many romantic composers was ______. beethoven
describe the characteristics of the music of the romanic period chromatic (colorful) harmony, rubato, expressive tone coloer, unity, program music, nationalism, feelings, individuality of style, personal fulfillment,
how did the orchestra change in the romantic period? strings doubled in size & harp; woodwinds & english horn, eb clarinet, piccolo; percussion-all, brass-3 trombones
the deliberate intent to draw creative inspiration from the composers own homeland is called... nationalism
instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea or scene, popular during the romantic period is called.. program music
a _______ is an instrumental composition in several movements based to some extent on literary or pictorial ideas. program symphony
a _______ is a one movement orchestral composition in several movements based to some extent on literary or pictorial ideas. symphonic poem
the word _____ is commonly used for a romantic art song with german text. lied
an art song is a musical composition for what "instruments"? voice and piano
when the same music is repeated for each stanza of the poem the form is known as.. modified strophic
when a composer writes new music for each stanza of the poem the form is known as... through composed
franz schubert's songs number more than... 600
schubert was 18 years old when he composed the erlking, set to a poem by _____ wolfgang von goethe
the pianos relentless rhythm in the erlking unifies the episodes of the song and suggests the _______. galloping horse
the erlking, in schubert's song of the same name, is a personification of what? the grim reeper
describe the characteristics of the music of the 20th century experimenting w/ tone color (prepared piano), percussive sounds, extreme pitch ranges, "the emancipation of dissonance", polychords, tone clusters, irregular and unpredic. rhythem, impressionism
the most famous riot in music history occurred in Paris in 1913, at the first performance of what piece of music? the rite of spring
what is a fourth chord? chords made up of fourths
a chord made up of tones only a half or a whole step apart is known as.. tone cluster
the absence of key or tonality in a musical composition is known as.. a tonal
impressionism as a movement originated in what country? france
name an important impressionist composer debussy
name an important symbolist poet.. Stephane Mallarme
name two important impressionist painters van gough, monet
igor's stravinsky's life took a sudden turn in 1909, when he met the director of the russian ballet. what was his name? Sergel Diaghilev
stravinsky's second phase is generally known as.. neoclassical
la sacre du printemps (the rite of spring) is an example of what musical style? primitivism
what is an ostinato? repetitive, goes around and around
igor stravinsky dramatically changed his style in 1950 to favor what musical style? serialism
what terms are used to describe the special ordering of the 12 chromatic tones in a twelve tone composition? tone row, set, series
schoenburg developed an unusual style of vocal performance, halfway between speaking and singing, called... sprechstimme
what new (and old) directions did music take after 1945? increased 12 tone system and tonal music- chance music, minimalist music, liberation of sound, electronic music
what is chance or aleatoric music? random...cage 4'3''
what are the characteristics of minimalist music? tonal-repetitive "in c" "music for 18 musicians"
the prepared piano, a grand piano whose sound is altered by objects such as screws, rubber bands, paper and plastic inserted between the strings of some of the keys, was invented by what 20th century composer? john cage
the minuet triple meter, "dance movement", moderate tempo, tenary form
Da capo (al fine) go back to the "head"-beginning of piece
tenary form ends w/ a repeat of the beginning of the piece- ABA
tonic home key/original key
Created by: stephparnell