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4.1.1 flash cards

quiz study cards

Acidic A solution whose pH is less than 7
Alloy A metallic solution or a mixture of two or more metals
Anhydrous A compound from which the water has been removed
Anion A negatively charged ion
Arrhenius acid A substance that produces hydrogen ions when dissolved in water
Arrhenius base Substance that produces hydroxide ions that dissolves in water
Aqueous A solution where water is the solvent. Abbreviated as (aq)
Aqueous salt The product in a neutralization reaction in which the salt is disassociated in water
Basic A solution whose pH is greater than 7
Binary Molecular Compound A substance composed of only two different elements
Bond An attractive force between two or more atoms or molecules that holds them together in a compound or in solution
Brønsted-Lowry acid A proton donor
Brønsted-Lowry base A proton acceptor
Cation A positively charged ion
Compound A form of matter containing two or more elements
Dissociate To separate a compound into its ions in water
Electrically Neutral Having no positive or negative charge
Empirical Formula A chemical formula that shows the relative number of each type of atom in a molecule
Hydrate A compound in which a specific number of water molecules is associated with each formula unit
Molecule A group of at least two covalently bonded atoms
Molecular Compound A compound made up of molecules
Molecular Formula A representation of a compound which shows the absolute number of atoms of each element in a molecule
Monatomic Ion An ion formed from a single atom
Neutral A solution whose pH equals 7
Neutralization Reaction A reaction in which in an acid and a base react to form water and a salt
pH Scale A scale that indicates the acidity of a solution; it is based on the concentration of hydrogen ions
Polyatomic Ion An ion composed of two or more atoms
Product Material produced during a chemical reaction
Reactant One of the starting materials in a chemical reaction
Salt An ionic compound composed of positively charged cations and negatively charged anions
Strong Electrolytes Substance that dissociates completely into its ions when added to water and conducts electricity well