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Dr. H biochem

Dr. Heiny: (Standard 10) Biochemistry

QuestionAnswer
polymers molecules in the form of a chain that is made of repeating smaller units (monomers)
monomers the individual units that make up a polymer
protein a polymer made up of amino acids
amino acids organic molecules that have both a carboxyl group and an amino group
carbohydrates organic molecules that generally have about twice as many hydrogens as carbons
monosaccharides molecules also known as the simple sugars, generally containing five or six carbon atoms
disaccharide the molecule formed when two monosaccharides bond together
polysaccharide a molecule formed when many monosaccharides bond together; a large polymer chain of monosaccharides
lipids a group of organic molecules that include fats, waxes, and steroids
triglyceride a molecule found in animal fats and vegetable oils
phospholipid a triglyceride in which one of the fatty acid groups has been replaced by a polar phosphate molecule
steroid a lipid that is made up of a number of cyclical hydrocarbons
nucleic acids biological polymers that contain an organism's genetic information
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) a molecule that contains the genetic instructions used in the development of a living organisms
RNA (ribonucleic acid) a nucleic acid that participates in the synthesis of proteins and other cell activities
Created by: LPH