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word parts

pyret/o fever
radi/o radiation x-rays
-otomy cutting,surgical incision
-scope instrument fo visual examination
-scopy visual examination
son/o sound
ultra- beyond
cry/o cold
cutane/o skin
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
hidr/o sweat
hydr/o water
lip/o fat
hirsut/o hairy,rough
melan/o black,dark
myc/o fungus
onych/o fingernail or toenail
pil/o hair
pil/i hair
py/o pus
rhytid wrinkle
seb/o sebum-skin oil
urtic/o rash, hives
xer/o dry
albumin/o protein, albumin
calc/i calcium
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
flour/o glowing
glycos/o glucose, sugar
lapar/o abdomen, abdomen wall
lingu/o tongue
cervic/o cervix (neck of the uterus)
colp/o vagina
-gravida pregnant
gynec/o woman
hyster/o uterus
mast/o breast
men/o menstruation, menses
orchid/o testicles
ov/o egg, ovum
-para to give birth
ovari/o ovary
-pexy surgical fixation
salping/o fallopian tubes
test/i testicle ,testis
vagin/o vagina
pen/i penis
phall/i penis
orch/o testicles
test/i testicles -produce sperm and the hormone testosterone
oophor/o ovaries - produce eggs and female hormones
salping/o fallopian tubes site of fertilization catches mature egg and transports to the uturus
metr/o uterus
metri/o uterus
uter/o uterus
placent/o placenta exchanges nutrients zand waste between mother and baby during pregnancy
adren/o adrenal glands- regulate electrolytes levels influence metabolism and respond to stress
gonad/o gonads- gamete producing glands
tastic/o testicles sperm producing glands
ovari/o overies - ova (egg) producing glands
pancreat/o pancreatic islets- control blood sugar and glucose metabolism
parathyriod/o parathyroid glands regulate calcuim levels thoughout the body
pineal /o pineal gland influences sleep awake cycles
pituit/o pituitary gland
pituitar/o pituitary gland secrete hormones that control other endocrine glands
thym/o thymus plays a major role in the immune system
thyroid/o thyroid gland stimulates metabolism, growth and nervous system activity
thyr/o thyroid gland stimulates metabolism, growth and nervous system activity
crin/o secrete
-dipsia thirst
glyc/o glucose, sugar
-ism condition ,state of
poly- many
somat/o body
cutane/o skin
dermat/o skin -plays the 1st line of defense for the immune system
derm/o skin - waterproofs the body
seb/o sebaceous glands secrete sebum
opt/i eyes
opt/o eyes
optic/o eyes
opthalm/o eyes
ir/i iris
ir/o iris - controls light entering in to eyes
irid/o iris
irit/o iris
phac/o lens- focuses rays of light
phak/o lens
retin/o retina-converts light into electric impulses and transmits them to the brain
dacryocyst/o lacrimal apparatus accessory structures of the eyes that produce ,store, and remove tears
lacrim/o lacrimal apparatus
acous/o ear receptacle for hearing
acoust/o ear help maintain balance
audi/o ear
audit/o ear
ot/o ear
pinn/i outer ear transmits sound to middle ear
myring/o middle ear transmits sound to inner ear
tympan/o middle ear transmits sound to inner ear
labyrinith/o inner ear
blaphar/o eyelid
-cusis hearing
irid/o iris ,colored part of the eye
kerat/o horny,hared, cornea
myring/o tympanic membrane, ear drum
opthalm/o eye ,vision
-opia vision condition
opt/o eye vision
ot/o ear,hearing
phak/o lens of eye
presby/o old age
retin/o retina, net
scler/o sclera, white of eye ,hard
trop/o turn, change
tympan/o tympanic membrane ,eardrum
cerebro/o brain
encephal/o brain coordinates all body activity by recieving and transmittingmessages thoughout the body
myel/o spinal cord transmits messages from brain to the lower parts of the body and extremities, bone marrow produce lymphocytes and red blood cells
neur/i nerves
neur/o nerves recieve and transmits messages to and from the body
caus/o burning, burn
cerebr/o cerebrum, brain
concuss/o shaken together, violently agitated,
contus/o bruise
encephal/o brain
-esthesia sensation, feeling
esthet/o feeling, nervous sensation, sense of preception
-mania madness
mening/o membranes,meninges
neur/i nerves,nerve tissue
neur/o nerves,nerve tissue
-phasia speak or speech
phobia abnormal fear
psych/o mind
radicul/o rootor nerve root
-tropic having an affinity for
nephr/o kidneys
ren/o kidneys
pyel/o renal pelvis collects urine produced by kidneys
ur/o urine liquid waste products to be excreted
urin/o urine
ureter/o ureters transport urine from the kidneys to the bladder
cyst/o urinary bladder
urethr/o urethra transports urine from bladder through the urethral meatus where its excreted
prostat/o prostate male sex organ that surrounds the urethra
-cele hernia, tumor, swelling
cyst/o bladder,cyst,sac of fluid
dia- through,between, apart,complete
glumerul/o glomerulus
hydro/o water
lith/o stone, calculus
-lysis breakdown ,seperation,setting free,destruction,loosening
pyel/o renal pelvis, bowl of kidney
-tripsy to crush
ur/o urine ,urinary tract
-uria urination, urine
vesic/o urinary bladder
or/o mouth
stamato/o mouth prepares fod for digestion
oront/i teeth
pharyng/o pharynx transports food from mouth to the esophagus
esophag/o transports food from pharynx to the stomach
gastr/o stomach,belly
enter/o small intestines completes most of digestion and absorbs most nutrients
col/o absorbs excess water and prepares waste for elimination Large intestine
colon/o large intestine
anu/o rectum and anus
proct/o rectum and anus
rect/o rectum and anus
hepat/o liver secretes bile and aids in the digestion of fat
cholecyst/o gall bladder stores bile and releases it back into small intestine as needed
pancreat/o pancreas secretes digestive juices and enzymes into the small intestines as needed
an/o anus, ring
chol/e bile , gall
cholecyst/o gall bladder
-emesis vomiting
-lithiasis presence of stones
-pepsia digest,digestion
-phagia eating, swallowing
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
nas/o nose
sinus/o sinuses
pharyng/o pharynx transports air back and forth between nose and trachea throatp
laryng/o larynx mack speech possible
epiglott/o epiglottis clos the trachea when swallowing
trache/o trachea transports air back and forth between pharynx and the lungs
bronch/o bronchi transports air from trachea to the lungs, bronchial tube, broncus
bronch/i bronchi transports air from trachea to the lungs, bronchial tube, broncus
alveol/o alveoli air sacs that exchange gases with the pulmonary capillaries
pneum/o lungs, air
pnuemon lungs,air
pulman/o lungs,air
pnue- lung,air
pulm/o lung
ox/i oxygen
ox/o oxygen
ox/y oxygen
phon/o sound,voice
pleur/o pluara ,side of body
-pnea breathing
somn/o sleep
spir/o to breath
thorac/o chest, pleural cavity
-thorax chest, pleural cavity
trache/o windpipe ,trachea
trachea windpipe ,trachea
lymph/o lymph the fluid that removes cellular waste products,pathogens,and dead blood cells from the tissues
lymphangi/o lymphamatic vessels and ducts the capillaries,vessels and ducts that return lymph from the tissues to the venous bloodstream
lymphaden/o lymph nodes bean- shaped structures of the lymphatic system where pathogens and other harmful substances are filtered from the lymph by specialized cells ine immune system
tonsill/o tonsils protect entrance to respiratory system
adenoid/o adenoids protect entrance to respiratory system
splen/o spleen has roles in both lymphatic and immune system
lymphocyt/o lymphocytes play important roles in the immune system
thym/o thymus a gland that is located in the upper chest near the lungs with roles in lymph and immune system
anti- against
carcin/o cancerous
immun/o immune, safe,protection
neo- new, strange
-oma tumor, neoplasm
onc/o tumor
phag/o eat swallow
-plasm formative material in cells
sarc/o flesh, connective tissue
ne/o new, strange
-tic pertaining to
tox/o poison,poisonous
muscul/o muscle
my/o muscle
myos/o muscle
fasci/o fascia cover, support and seperates muscles,fibrous band
ten/o tendons attach muscles to bone
tend/o tendons attach muscles to bone
tendin/o tendons attach muscles to bone
bi- twice,double,two
clon/o violent action
dys- bad,difficult,painful
-ia abnormal condition disease , plural of -ium
-ic prtaining to
kines/o movement
kenesi/o movement
-plegia paralysis,stroke
tax/o coordination,order
ten/o tendon stretch out,extend ,strain
tend/o tendon stretch out,extend ,strain
tendin/o tendon stretch out,extend ,strain
ton/o tone ,stretching,tension
tri- three
oss/e bones
oss/i bones
osteo/o bones
ost/o bones
chondr/o cartilage
joints arthr/o
ligament/o ligaments connect bone to bone
synovi/o synovial fluid,synovial membrane,
synov/o synovial fluid,synovial membrane
burs/o bursa cushions areas subject to friction while moving
chondr/i cartilage
cost/o ribs
crani/o skull
-desis to bind, to tie
kyph/o bent,hump
lord/o curve,swayback ,bent
Lumbo/o lumbar, lower back,
scoli/o curved ,bent
spondyl/o vertebrae, vertebral column,backbone
aden/oadip/o gland
anter/o before ,front
caud/o lower part of the body
cephal/o head
cyt/o cell
-cyte cell
end- in, within, inside
endo- in, within, inside
exo- out of , out side,away from
hist/o tissue
ologist specialist
-ology the science or study of
-pathy disease,suffering,feeling,emotion
-plasia development,growth,formation
poster/o behind,toward the back
-statis control,maintanance of a constant level
-static control,maintanance of a constant level
-algia pain
-dynia pain
-ectomy surgical removal
-gram record
hyper- excessive, higher
hypo- deficient ,lower than
-itis inflammation
-osis abnormal condition
-ostomy surgical creation of an artificial opening
pre- before
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhage- excessive bleeding
-rrhaphy surgical suturing
-rrhea flow or discharge
-sclerosis hardening
-otomy surgical incision
-lith stone
lysis to set free or loosen
adren/o adrenal glands
gonad/o gonads ( sex cell producing glang)
testic/o testicles
ovari/o ovaries
pancreat/o pancreatic islets
parathyroid/o parathyroid
pineal/o pineal gland (shaped like a pine cone)
pituit/o pituitary gland
pituitar/o pituitary gland
thym/o thymus
thyr/o thyroid gland
thyroid/o thyroid gland
acr/o hands and feet, extreme point
crin/o secrete
-dipsia thirst
glyc/o glucose, sugar
pancreat/o pancreas
poly- many
somat/o body
-ism condition ,state of
megaly enlargement
amni/o amniotic
andr/o male
-pause stop
-centesis to draw fluid by a needle
men/o menstrual
A- without
zoo life
albumin/o albumin ,protein
calc/i calcium ,lime, the heel
creatin/o creatinine
fluor/o glowing
glycos/o glucose
laper/o abdomen, abdominal wall
lingu/o tongue
-otomy cutting, surgical incision
pyret/o fever
radi/o radiation
-scope instrument to visually look
-scopy process of looking
son/o sound
ultra- beyond
arthr/o joint
-uria pertaining to urine
albumin/o protein
-pyre/o fever
-ia pertaining to
-centesis to puncture to remove fluid
bacteri/o bacteria
calci/o calcium
-anti against
derma/o skin
-itis inflammation
-follicul/o follicle
hemat/o blood
-oma tumor
lip/o fat
-edema swelling
rhytid/o wrinkles
scler/o hardening
carcin/o cancer
-pepsia digest, digestion
-phagia eating, swallowing
proct/o anus and rectum
rect/o rectum, straight
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
cutane/o skin
dermat/o skin
derm/o skin
seb/o sebaceous glands ,sebum(skin oil)
hidr/o sweat
hydr/o water
pil/i hair
pi/o hair
onych/o nails
ungul/o nails
aut/o self
pan- all
aut- self
gastr/o stomach
path/o disease
-ology the study of
ad- towards
ab- away from
hyp/o to low, deficient
hyper excessive
presby/o old age
-cusis condition of hearing
-opia condition of sight
ot/o ear
rrhea discharge
-sclerosis hardening
-edema swelling
my/o fungus
acro- height
an- without
esthet/o feeling
Created by: StubbornGenuis
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