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Stack #385750


Alcohol Organic compounds containing a -OH functional group bonded to a carbon atom and having the general formula R-OH
Aldehyde Organic compounds with the general formula RCHO
Alkane Hydrocarbons in which all carbon atoms are connected by single bonds.
Alkene Hydrocarbons that contain at least one double bond between carbon atoms
Alkyne Hydrocarbons that contain at least one triple bond between carbon atoms.
Amine Organic compounds that contain nitrogen and have the general formula NR, where R may be an alkyl group or a hydrogen atom.
Aromatic Ring A particularly stable organic compound with six carbon atoms and alternating single and double bonds in a ring structure
Bioamplicfication The increase in concentration of toxic chemicals within organisms as the chemicals move up the food chain
Biochemistry The study of the chemistry of living organisms.
Carbonyl Group The C=O group
Carboxylic Acid Organic compounds with the general formula R-COOH
Combustion Reaction A chemical reaction in which certain compounds, especially hydrocarbons, combine with oxygen to produce certain products, usually carbon dioxide and water.
Ester Organic compounds with the general formula R-COO-R
Ether Organic Compounds with the general formulas R-O-R
Functional Group A set of atoms that characterize a family of organic compounds.
Hydrocarbon Organic compounds containing only carbon and hydrogen.
Isomers Molecules having the same molecular formula but different structures.
Ketone Organic compounds with the general formula RCOR.
Methylene Group A unit of organic compounds that contains one carbon atom and two hydrogen atoms. CH3
methyl Group A unit of organic compounds that contains one carbon atom and three hydrogen atoms
Organic Chemistry The chemistry of carbon and a few other elements such as nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur.
Phenyl Ring A benzene ring with other substituents electronic excitation
Polymer A molecule with many similar units called monomers bonded together in a long chain
Proof For alcoholic beverages, the ______ is twice the percent alcohol content by volume.
Saturated Hydrocarbon Compounds containing only carbon and hydrogen and having no double bonds between the carbon atoms
Structural Formula A two dimensional representation of molecules that shows which atoms are bonded together and which are not.
Unsaturated Hydrocarbon Hydrocarbons that contain at least one double or triple bond between carbon atoms.
Urea The first organic compound ever synthesized in the laboratory.
Vital Force A mystical force possessed by living organisms that was believed to allow them to overcome physical law and synthesize organic compounds.
Vitalism The nineteenth century belief that living organisms contain a vital force allowing them to overcome ordinary physical laws and produce organic compounds.
Created by: zfran