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5/6- Ch. 5


combination of substances that can be separated by physical means and can either be the same throughout (homogeneous) or have different parts with different compositions (heterogeneous) mixture
homogeneous mixture made up of two or more materials where one material seems to disappear into the other; can be unsaturated, saturated, or supersaturated and can be classified as gaseous, liquid, or solid solution
in a solution, the substance that dissolves into another substance solute
in a solution, the substance that dissolves the solute solvent
solution in which water is the solvent aqueous
maximum amount of a solute that can be dissolved in a given amount of solvent; can be affected by temperature and pressure solubility
solution that contains the total amount of solute that it can hold under specific conditions saturated
measure of the amount of solute in a solution compared to the amount of solvent concentration
solution that contains a large amount of solute per given amount of solvent concentrated
solution that contains a small amount of solute per given amount of solvent dilute
substances that contain hydrogen and produce positively charged hydronium ions when they dissolve in water, forming acidic solutions acid
substances that produce negatively charged hydroxide ions when they dissolve in water, forming basic solutions base
measure of how acidic or basic a solution is, related to its concentration of hydronium ions and hydroxide ions; solutions with a pH below 7 are acidic; solutions with a pH above 7 are basic; solutions with a pH of 7 are neutral pH
compound that reacts with acidic and basic solutions and changes color at different pH values indicator
the interaction between acids and bases in which the properties of each are canceled out by the other and a neutral solution is produced neutralization
Created by: mktrausch