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Chemistry Ch. Ten

Chapter 10

Structural Isomers Compounds with same formula, but atoms linked differently
Geometric Isomers Possible when double bond is present; different orientations in space; cis and trans
Optical Isomers have non-superimposable mirror images
Chiral atoms have 4 different substituents
Alkanes C-C single bonds; C(n)H(2n+2)
Cycloalkanes C-C single bonds; C(n)H(2n)
Alkenes C-C double bond; C(n)H(2n)
Alkynes C-C triple bond; C(n)H(2n-2)
Aromatic Compounds Alternating C-C double bonds and C-C single bonds; C(n)H(n)
Meth- 1
Eth- 2
Prop- 3
But- 4
Pent- 5
Hex- 6
Hept- 7
Oct- 8
Non- 9
Dec- 10
Alcohols R-OH
Ethers R-O-R'
Primary Amines R-NH2
Secondary Amines R-NH-R'
Tertiary Amines R-NR'-R"
Aldehyde R-C-H -al = O
Ketone R-C-R' -one = O
Carboxylic Acid R-C-OH' -oic acid = O
Ester R-C-OR' -oate = O
Ortho- Next to each other
Meta- Two away
Para- Opposite sides (three away)
Esters (formation) Condensation rxn between alcohol and carboxylic acid
Amides R-C-NH2 = O
Thermoplastics soften and flow when they are heated and harden when hey are cooled
Thermosetting Plastics are initially soft but set to a solid when heated and cannot be resoftened
Created by: ssbishop