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# Unit 1-4 Words-EW

### Vocabulary

Question | Answer |
---|---|

even numbers | whole numbers that have 2, 4, 6, 8, or 0 in the ones place |

odd numbers | whole numbers that have 1, 3, 5, 7, or 9 in the ones place |

sum | the answer to an addition problem |

difference | the answer to a subtraction problem |

equal | having the same value |

dividend | the number that is being divided |

divisor | the number that is being divided by |

estimation | reasoning to determine an approximate value |

rounding | a type of estimation with specific rules for determining the closest value |

product | the answer to a multiplication problem |

quotient | the answer to a division problem |

whole numbers | the set of counting (natural) numbers and zero (0, 1, 2, 3,ect) |

order of operations | the rules of which calculations are performed first when simplifying an expression |

special numbers | 2 is the only even prime number. 0 and 1 are neither prime nor composite |

composite | a whole number with more than two factors |

prime | a whole number that has exactly two factors, one and itself |

factor | a number multiplied by another number to get a product |

equation | a mathematical statement composed of algebraic and/or numeric expressions set equal to each other |

remainder | the amount that is "left over" from a division problem |

array | the arrangement of numbers in row and columns |

operation | what you see to solve the problem: add, subtract, multiply, or divide |

expression | a mathematical phrase, with no equal sign, that may contain numbers, unknowns, and operators |

multiple | the product of a given number and another whole number. Multiples of 3 are 3, 6, 9, 12, 15 |

simplify | to break a fraction down to its simplest form. 4/12 simplified to 1/3 |

unknown | a symbol representing an unknown value in an expression such as "n" |

ratio | the relationship between two things |

parentheses or brackets | symbols to show a group of terms and/or expressions within a mathematical expression (parentheses) or [brackets] |

deduction | money taken out or subtracted |

deposit | a sum of money placed or kept in a bank account |

expenditure | the amount of money spent |

expense | payment for goods and services |

wage | a fixed regular payment made by an employer to an employee (daily, weekly, or monthly) |

withdrawal | the act of taking money out of an account |

income | money earned or received |

gross income | the total amount of personal income prior to taxes and deductions |

income tax | money paid to federal and/or state governments based on an individual's income as required by law |

net income | the income that remains after taxes and other deductions are taken from an individual's gross income |

payroll tax | the amount of money that a company withholds from its employees for the federal government as required by law |

property tax | the amount of money collected on the value of a property for the local government as required by law |

sales tax | the amount of money collected by a store (retailer), in addition to a good or service that was purchased, for the local government as required by law |

budget | a monthly or yearly spending and savings plan for an individual, family, business, or organization |

register | a small table to track deposits added to account, expenses withdrawn from account, and current available balance |

available balance | the amount available in an account for a person, business, or organization to spend |

balance | to reconcile your budget or account statement with your check register to make sure the records match and are accurate |

transaction | a specific time or instance when money changes hands |

financial record | a formal record of the transactions made by a person, business, or other organization |