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# Unit 1-4 Words-EW

### Vocabulary

even numbers whole numbers that have 2, 4, 6, 8, or 0 in the ones place
odd numbers whole numbers that have 1, 3, 5, 7, or 9 in the ones place
difference the answer to a subtraction problem
equal having the same value
dividend the number that is being divided
divisor the number that is being divided by
estimation reasoning to determine an approximate value
rounding a type of estimation with specific rules for determining the closest value
product the answer to a multiplication problem
quotient the answer to a division problem
whole numbers the set of counting (natural) numbers and zero (0, 1, 2, 3,ect)
order of operations the rules of which calculations are performed first when simplifying an expression
special numbers 2 is the only even prime number. 0 and 1 are neither prime nor composite
composite a whole number with more than two factors
prime a whole number that has exactly two factors, one and itself
factor a number multiplied by another number to get a product
equation a mathematical statement composed of algebraic and/or numeric expressions set equal to each other
remainder the amount that is "left over" from a division problem
array the arrangement of numbers in row and columns
operation what you see to solve the problem: add, subtract, multiply, or divide
expression a mathematical phrase, with no equal sign, that may contain numbers, unknowns, and operators
multiple the product of a given number and another whole number. Multiples of 3 are 3, 6, 9, 12, 15
simplify to break a fraction down to its simplest form. 4/12 simplified to 1/3
unknown a symbol representing an unknown value in an expression such as "n"
ratio the relationship between two things
parentheses or brackets symbols to show a group of terms and/or expressions within a mathematical expression (parentheses) or [brackets]
deduction money taken out or subtracted
deposit a sum of money placed or kept in a bank account
expenditure the amount of money spent
expense payment for goods and services
wage a fixed regular payment made by an employer to an employee (daily, weekly, or monthly)
withdrawal the act of taking money out of an account
gross income the total amount of personal income prior to taxes and deductions
income tax money paid to federal and/or state governments based on an individual's income as required by law
net income the income that remains after taxes and other deductions are taken from an individual's gross income
payroll tax the amount of money that a company withholds from its employees for the federal government as required by law
property tax the amount of money collected on the value of a property for the local government as required by law
sales tax the amount of money collected by a store (retailer), in addition to a good or service that was purchased, for the local government as required by law
budget a monthly or yearly spending and savings plan for an individual, family, business, or organization
register a small table to track deposits added to account, expenses withdrawn from account, and current available balance
available balance the amount available in an account for a person, business, or organization to spend
balance to reconcile your budget or account statement with your check register to make sure the records match and are accurate
transaction a specific time or instance when money changes hands
financial record a formal record of the transactions made by a person, business, or other organization
Created by: whitee
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