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Characters: any person, a figure, an inanimate object, or animal. Different types of characters, and each serves its unique function in a story.
Setting environment or surrounding in which an event or story takes place. Particular information about placement and timing. Historical time, geographical locations, weather, immediate surroundings, and timing social environment, place and time.
Tone attitude of a writer toward a subject or an audience. The viewpoint of a writer on a particular subject.
Mood: certain feelings or vibes in readers. Referred to as the atmosphere emotional situation that surrounds the readers.
Point of view The opinion or feelings of the individuals involved in a situation. Let the readers “hear” and “see” what takes place: 1st person 2nd person 3rd person limited 3rd person omniscient
Conflict a struggle between two opposing forces. Man vs man Man vs self Man vs nature Man vs society
Plot used to describe the events that make up a story events relate in a pattern or a sequence. Divided into 5 parts.
Exposition occurs at the beginning characters are introduced learn about the setting. Introduced to the main conflict.
Rising Action: a series of relevant incidents includes all decisions, characters’ flaws and background circumstances leading to a climax.
Climax: The turning point of the story. Conflict or tension hits the highest point. Main character will change in some way. Referred to as a crisis.
Falling action: problem of the story resolves its loose ends, and leads toward the closure.
Resolution solution of a complicated issue. A reasonable ending.
Theme central topic. A moral or lesson
Concept “think the work is about“.
Statement "what the work says about the subject".
Concept is also called a motif. Usually just one (maybe two) word. It occurs throughout the story and is referenced by the characters, setting, plot or all.
Statement The statement is also called a message expressed in a complete sentence or thought. THEMES ARE NOT STATIC! THEY CAN CHANGE over the course of the BOOK Themes don’t have textual evidence.
Summary is a condensed description of the story does not provide a review or contain the opinions. Does not retell the complete story. The point of a summary is to explain, or summarize, the story. Be objective in your summaries
Objective Gives only facts
Subjective Is a personal view or opinion Summaries don’t have textual evidence.
Analysis A detailed examination of the elements or structure of something gets beneath the surface, beyond describing ideas to examining the relationship, Any analysis will consider the data/information in enough depth even one who disagrees with the writer
Diction Refers to word choice and phrasing in any written or spoken text.
Syntax Refers to the actual way in which words and sentences are placed together in the writing.
Genre A genre is a category of literary composition. Determined by technique, tone, content length flexible and loosely defined, often with subgroups
Characterization author introduces and then describes a character. Character can be described directly or indirectly through the actions, thoughts, and speech of the character.
Explicit Stated clearly and in detail, leaving no room for confusion or doubt.
Implicit Implied though not plainly expressed.
Inference An inference is the process of drawing a conclusion from supporting evidence. The author gives us clues about what’s going on, and we have to figure things out based on that evidence. The author implies; the readers infer.
Figurative Language: uses figures of speech to be more effective, persuasive, and impactful to give readers new insights appeal to the senses of the readers.
Metaphor makes a comparison by directly relating one thing to another unrelated thing. do not use words such as “like” or “as”
Simile you use “like” or “as” to compare two different things and show a common quality between them. Different from a simple comparison in that it usually compares two unrelated things.
Hyperbole an author or speaker purposely and obviously exaggerates to an extreme used for emphasis or as a way of making a description more creative and humorous not meant to be taken literally
Personification kind of metaphor in which you describe an inanimate object, abstract thing, or non-human animal in human terms.
Imagery It is used to create more interesting and engaging scenes or characters.
Idiom a phrase that conveys a figurative meaning different from the words used.
Alliteration words that begin with the same sound are placed close together often involves repetition of letters, most importantly, it is a repetition of sounds.
Assonance the repetition of the same or similar vowel sounds within words, phrases, or sentences
Consonance the combination of consistently copied consonants. It’s when the same consonant sound appears repeatedly in a line or sentence, creating a rhythmic effect.
Onomatopoeia refers to words whose pronunciations imitate the sounds they describe.
Narrative Poetry: A narrative poem tells the story of an event in the form of a poem.
Lyric Poetry: When a poet writes an emotional, rhyming poem, they can call it a lyric poem.
Lyric poems: have a musical rhythm, and their topics often explore romantic feelings or other strong emotions.
Ballad: A typical ballad is a plot-driven song, with one or more characters hurriedly unfurling events leading to a dramatic conclusion. Shows the reader what’s happening, describing each crucial moment in the trail of events
Sonnet is a poem of fourteen line that has one of two regular rhyme schemes
Free Verse: poetry that is free from limitations of regular meter or rhythm, and does not rhyme with fixed forms
Imagery use figurative language to represent objects, actions, and ideas in such a way that it appeals to our physical senses.
Rhythm Rhythm is a literary device that demonstrates the long and short patterns through stressed and unstressed syllables, particularly in verse form rhythm in poetry arises from the need to express some words more strongly than others
Rhyme Repetition of similar sounding words, occurring at the end of lines in poems or songs
Rhyme Scheme Rhyme scheme is the pattern of rhyme that comes at the end of each verse or line in poetry. Some other poems follow non-rhyming structures, paying attention only to the number of syllables.
Meter Meter is a stressed and unstressed syllabic pattern in a verse, or within the lines of a poem.
Symbolism Symbolism is the use of symbols to signify ideas and qualities, by giving them symbolic meanings that are different from their literal sense.
Created by: Ace14



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