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Academic Vocabulary

Analysis An investigation into the component parts of a whole (literary analysis involves examining different parts of a text (structure, character, theme, etc..)
Evidence support from the text used to prove or disprove something
Explicit clearly stated so there is no room for confusion or questions.
Implicit implied or suggested, but not clearly stated.
Inference a conclusion made based on both information/evidence and reasoning.
Paraphrase to reword or restate a passage or text in order to provide a cleaner meaning.
Summarize putting the main idea(s) or main points into your own words-identifying the gist or the 5Ws and H in a piece of writing. This is always a shorter version of the original text.
Plot The plot of a story is the sequence of events in a story (If you are making multiple note cards...make sure you write “Part of Plot” on them)
Exposition The basic situation. This starts out the plot. During this part of the story, the setting, characters, and conflict are introduced. This part answers who, where, when, and what (what’s the ’s the problem)?
Rising Action The events that happen that lead up to the climax
Conflict A conflict is a struggle that occurs within the story
Climax The moment when the outcome of the conflict is decided…it answers the question you’ve wondered all along.
Falling Action The events that happen after the climax
Resolution The unfolding or solution of a complicated issue in a story. Most of the instances of resolution are presented in the final parts or chapters of a story. It mostly follows the climax.
Person vs Person When two people/animals/characters are in conflict or fighting/struggling with each other
Person vs. Self When the main character is in conflict or struggling with her/himself and how s/he feels
Person vs. Technology When the main character is in conflict with something that deals with technology
Person vs. Environment/Nature When the main character is in conflict or struggling with the natural world
Internal when a character is struggling with something in their heart or mind
External when a character is struggling with an outside force
Characters The people, animals, or creatures in a story
Protagonist The main character of a story who we follow throughout the story and try to relate to. S/he is who we see in conflict with someone or something.
Antagonist The antagonist of a story is the person or thing that the protagonist is in conflict with. Sometimes the antagonist doesn’t have to be a specific person.
Setting The setting of a story is the TIME and PLACE that the story occurs. Often times there will be many settings within a story; however, we can always come up with a general statement about the setting by asking ourselves these questions: – When in time is the story taking place? How do we know? – Is there a main location for the story? What is it, and how do we know?
Theme an idea about life or human nature that the writer tries to share with the reader.


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