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Short Story Vocab

setting The time and place of a story. It could be the country, city, building, or room in which the story takes place; it can also relate to the time period (i.e. 1620 - past or 3014 - future)
characters the people within the story
characterization personality; how a character is described
direct characterization A character’s traits are described directly by the author.
indirect characterization he character’s personality is revealed through speech, actions, or other characters
internal conflict a struggle within a person; self vs. self
external conflict a struggle between at least two separate forces
1st person point of view from a character involved in the story
3rd person point of view from someone outside of the story
suspense wanting to know what happens next in the story
dialogue conversation between two or more people
mood the story’s atmosphere (scary or happy, etc.)
theme Message or insight into life as decided by the author. Different from the subject. Seldom stated directly. Conflict, resolution, characterization, setting, and symbolism help determine theme.
flashback action that already happened and is being re-told
symbol an object that represents something more than itself
imagery language that affects the senses, allows the reader to create a picture or smell a smell, etc.
plot a series of events that make up a story
tone The attitude a writer takes toward his subject. It may be angry, amused, serious, sad, etc. The choice of words (diction) plays heavily into tone.
irony the contrast between what is expected and what actually is.
verbal irony occurs in a story when the writer or a character says one thing but means something else
dramatic irony reader has information or an understanding of events that a character doesn’t have
situational irony what happens is not what is expected to happen
Created by: abby_k