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Capítulo 1_Gozar

Expresiones afirmativas y negativas

TermDefinition
algo something / anything
nada nothing
¿Desea algo más? Would you like anything more / anything else? (formal)
¿Algo más? Anything else?
¿Nada más? Nothing else?
No pasa nada. No problem - expression from Spain
Nada más quería saludarle. I just wanted to say hi. - expression from America
¿No necesita nada más? You do not need anything else? (formal)
nadie no one / nobody
Nadie viene temprano. Nobody comes early.
No viene nadie. Nobody is coming.
alguien someone / somebody
¿Hay alguien en casa? Is there anyone home?
¿Va alguien a la playa este mes? Is anyone going to the beach this month?
No, no va nadie a la playa este mes. No, no one is going to the beach this month. (no va nadie)
No, nadie va a la playa este mes. No, no one is going to the beach this month. (nadie va)
Are there two ways to form a negative sentence with nadie? Yes, there are two ways to form a negative sentence with nadie.
nunca never
siempre always
Siempre íbamos a la playa de niños porque vivíamos cerca de la costa. We used to always go to the beach as children because we lived close to the coast.
Ella nunca iba a la playa de niña porque vivía lejos de la costa. She never went to the beach as a child because she lived far from the coast.
¿Iba ella a la play de niña? Did she go to the beach as a child?
No, ella nunca iba a la playa de niña? No, she never went to the beach as a child. (nunca iba)
No, ella no iba nunca a la playa de niña. No, she never went to the beach as a child. (no iba nunca)
Are there two ways to form a negative sentence with nunca? Yes, there are two ways to form a negative sentence with nunca.
también also / too
tampoco neither / either
Yo iba a la escuela en el autobús. I used to go to school on the bus.
Yo también iba en el autobús. I also went on the bus. (también iba)
Yo iba en el autobús también. I also went on the bus. (iba en el autobús también)
Are there two ways to form a sentence with también? Yes, también can go before the verb or at the end of the sentence.
Yo voy. Yo también voy. / Yo voy también. I am going. I am going too.
No voy. Yo tampoco voy. / Yo no voy tampoco. I am not going. I am not going either.
When tampoco and nunca are used before the verb, do I need to put "no" before the verb as well? No -- when I use tampoco and nunca before a verb, I do not use "no" before the verb - only tampoco voy / nunca voy, etc.
If I place nunca and tampoco at the end of the sentence, do I need "no" before the verb? Yes -- if I place nunca and tampoco at the end of the sentence, I include "no" before the verb - No voy nunca / No voy tampoco.
ni .... ni neither ... nor
Ni él ni ella neither him nor her
ella she and her - depending on where it is placed it will be translated differently
él he and him - depending where it is placed it will be translated differently
para él / para ella. Él es guapo. / Ella es guapa. for him / for her He is good-looking. / She is good-looking.
o or
él o ella him or her / he or she
algún día some day
alguna persona some person / any person
algunos días some days
algunas personas some persons / some people
ninguno de los días de fiesta none of the holidays / not any
ningún océano no ocean / none / not any
ninguna persona no person / none / not any
ningunas playas no beaches / none / not any
 



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