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Morfología

Lexemas y morfemas/ Tipos de palabras según su estructura

TermDefinition
Monemas Son las unidades más pequeñas dotadas con significado.
Lexemas Es la partícula que no se modifica, la raíz de la palabra.
Morfemas Unidad analizable que posee el significado gramatical.
Morfema flexivo Especifica: género, número, persona, tiempo.
Morfema derivativo Prefijo, interfijo y sufijo.
Prefijo Elemento gramatical que se anteponen al lexema.
Sufijo Elemento gramatical que se pospone al lexema.
Aumentativo Intensifican el significado y denotan un mayor tamaño.
Diminutivo Disminuyen el significado y denotan un menor tamaño.
Despectivo Transmite una connotación negativa de desprecio o poco respeto.
Simples Son aquellas que poseen solamente un lexema en su estructura.
Derivadas Provienen de otra palabra a la que se le denomina primitiva.
Compuestas Es la unión de dos o más términos para formar otra con significado propio.
Parasintéticas Son aquellas palabras que se han formado a partir de la combinación de dos procedimientos : la composición y la derivación.
Acrónimos Es una clase de sigla cuya pronunciación se realiza del mismo modo que una palabra.
Siglas Son los términos que se componen con las primeras letras de los conceptos que forman una expresión.
Palabra simple Carta
Palabra derivada Arboleda
Palabra compuesta Lavavajillas
Palabra parasintética Aclarar
Acrónimo INBA
Sigla HSBC
Lexema independiente Azul
Lexema dependiente Carro
Morfema independiente Bajo
Morfema dependiente ito. ote- uza
Latinoamericano Parasintética
Territorio Derivada
Trabalenguas Compuesta
Agua Simple
Created by: Mireya González
 

 



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