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Pandemic Vocabulary

COVID19 Vocabulary to better understand current world events

asymptomatic presenting no symptoms of disease
carrier a person or animal that transmits a disease to others, whether suffering from it themselves or not
community spread transmission of a disease directly within a community and not by importation from a foreign source
contagious describing a disease that can pass from person to person, usually by direct contact; describing a person with such a disease
coronavirus any of a family ( and especially genus ) of single-stranded RNA viruses that have a lipid envelope studded with club-shaped projections (they look like crowns , corona means crown).
epidemic a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time
germs a microorganism, especially one which causes disease
infect affect a human or animal with a disease-causing organism
isolate keep an infected person away from healthy people
novel coronavirus the word novel means “new”, and a newly identified coronavirus strain is often called a novel coronavirus
outbreak a sudden or violent increase in activity, use, or acceptance
pandemic an outbreak of disease occurring over a wide area and affecting many people
Patient Zero the person identified as the first to become infected with a disease in an outbreak
person-to-person describing the spread of a disease from one person to another, typically through touch
quarantine isolation and monitoring of people who seem healthy but may have been exposed to an infectious disease to see if they develop symptoms
social distancing certain actions that are taken by Public Health officials to stop or slow down the spread of a highly contagious disease
symptomatic concerned with, affecting, or having symptoms
transmit often passive: cause disease to pass from animal to human or from human to human
vaccine a substance used to protect humans and animals from a disease
virus an infective agent that typically consists of a nucleic acid molecule in a protein coat, is too small to be seen by light microscopy, and is able to multiply only within the living cells of a host
Created by: mrstrivette