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Shakespearean Drama

A drama that ends in catastrophe—most often death—for the main character and often for several other important characters as well Tragedy
The main character, someone who is nobly born and has great influence in his or her society. This character has weakness or errors in judgment (Tragic Flaws) that lead to his or her downfall. Fate may play a role in the course that events take. Tragic Hero
one character or object is thrown into opposition with another for to emphasize or clarify. use of contrast makes distinctions of character and increases interest by having opposites side by side character foils are used extensively by Shakespeare Contrast/Juxtaposition
intervention of some force over which humans have no control may complicate the plot but does not bring about the downfall of the hero pathos/sympathy may be felt by the audience for those hurt by fate Fate
Shakespeare knew the appeal of ghosts, witches, premonitions, prophesies and other supernatural events for his audience and thus he included them Supernatural
an act of speaking one's thoughts aloud when by oneself or regardless of any hearers, especially by a character in a play. Soliloquy
a remark or passage by a character in a play that is intended to be heard by the audience but unheard by the other characters in the play. Aside
a line of verse with five metrical feet, each consisting of one short (or unstressed) syllable followed by one long (or stressed) syllable, for example Two households, both alike in dignity. Iambic Pentameter
a poem of fourteen lines using any of a number of formal rhyme schemes, in English typically having ten syllables per line. Sonnet
two lines of verse, usually in the same meter and joined by rhyme, that form a unit. Couplet
group of lines forming the basic recurring metrical unit in a poem; a verse. Stanza
a stanza of four lines, especially one having alternate rhymes. Quatrain
to describe the intended impact of tragedy on the audience by experiencing the events which arouse pity and terror, we achieve a purging (catharsis) of these emotions; detached pity and involved terror Catharsis
uncertainty in an incident, or behavior that keeps the audience anxious concerning the outcome of the protagonist’s conflict Shakespeare uses conflict, precarious situations, apparently unsolvable problems, foreshadowing and delay to develop suspense Suspense
A humorous scene, incident, or speech that relieves the overall emotional intensity in the play. Comic relief helps the audience absorb the tragic events in the plot of a play. Comic Relief
A brief reference, within a work, to something outside the work that the reader or audience is expected to know. Many of Shakespeare’s allusions are to mythology or the Bible. Allusion
A character whose personality or attitudes are in sharp contrast to those of another character in the same work. This highlights the other character’s traits. Foil
a speech made by an actor alone on stage to let the audience know what is on that character’s mind. Soliloquy and Aside
This situation occurs when the audience is aware of the conditions that are unknown to the character on stage or when some of the characters are ignorant of what really is on the speaker’s mind Dramatic Irony
Unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter. Shakespeare wrote all of his plays in blank verse. Blank Verse
Created by: anne withers
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