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Rural and urban life

to put up with sth (phr.) tolerate, endure
to cope with sth (phr.) to deal with and attempt to overcome problems and difficulties
a great deal of a lot of
downturn a reduction in the amount or success of something
urbanisation the process by which more and more people leave the countryside to live in cities
conurbation a city area containing a large number of people, formed by various towns growing and joining together
to get caught/trapped in a vicious cycle / circle (phr.) a continuing unpleasant situation, created when one problem causes another problem that then makes the first problem worse
wasteland an empty area of land, especially in or near a city, that is not used to grow crops or built on, or used in any way
decent acceptable, satisfactory, or reasonable
affordable not expensive
congestion overcrowding on the roads
exhaust fumes gases coming from an engine as waste products
closure when something is shut down or closed
charge the price you have to pay for something
pollution the contamination of soil, water or the atmosphere by harmful substances
commuter somebody who travels regularly from one place to another for work
Created by: tcathy93



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