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Word set 9

Politics and Tradition

TermDefinitionTypical Use
accost (verb) confront He was accosted by a thief who demanded all of his money and valuables.
adamant (adj.) unyielding, stubborn, determined Robert, a first year physics student, is adamant in his decision to pursue a career in engineering.
apathetic (adj.); apathy (noun) lacking interest The employee's apathetic attitude was apparent in the rude way he greeted customers.
ascendancy (noun) influence, domination when Beatriz became an elected official, she gained an ascendancy that allowed her to change the lives of many people in her community.
ascetic (noun/adj.); asceticism (noun) one who practices self-denial as a spiritual discipline When Simon was a monk, he lived an ascetic lifestyle that excluded worldly goods.
august (adj.) dignified Everyone wanted the chance to dine with the august president.
autocrat (noun); autocratic (adj.) dictator, dictatorial Because Helen managed her company like an autocrat, she strongly frowned upon employee suggestions.
automaton (noun) a person who acts like a robot Hank felt like a mindless automaton stuck in a boring job completing the same tasks every day.
banal (adj.) common, lacking in originality Because the movie’s plot was banal, we knew exactly how the film would end.
bipartisan (adj.) supported by two opposing groups (such as political parties) It will take a bipartisan effort to turn the bill into a law.
depose (verb) dethrone, remove from power The king sent soldiers to locate the rebels who sought to depose him from his rule.
derivative (adj.) not original Because the film is a derivative of a novel, it cannot be entered into the original screenplay competition.
desecration (noun); desecrate (verb) violate the sacredness of Having a party in a cemetery at night is one way to desecrate the resting place of the dead.
despot (noun) dictator The young prince killed everyone who challenged his authority and became the despot of his country.
doctrine (noun) religious, political, or philosophical principles or teachings It is up to the judge to decide how the legal doctrine should be applied to this case.
dogmatic (adj.) tending to force one's own opinions on other people The surgeon was dogmatic in his opinion and refused to listen even when the nurse warned him of possible problems during the operation.
eclectic (adj.) from diverse sources Because Leslie has travelled all over the world, her home is filled with many eclectic furnishings.
egalitarian (adj.) belief in equality Before new laws granted all citizens equal rights, our country was not an egalitarian nation.
exhibitionist (noun); exhibitionistic (adj.) deliberately behaving a certain way to attract attention Since the singer is an exhibitionist, she loves to wear outrageous outfits on stage.
faction (noun) group within a larger group The candidate who wins the election will be the one who can get the most voters to join his faction.
fanaticism (noun) excessive enthusiasm For hundreds of years, two countries have been involved in a war stemming from religious fanaticism.
hackneyed (adj.) common When it comes to writing, teachers frown on students using hackneyed phrases.
heresy (noun); heretic (adj.) belief contrary to the established opinion Centuries ago, heresy charges were brought upon any person who dared to disagree with church leaders.
idiosyncrasy (noun); idiosyncratic (adj.) unique personal trait; quirky An idiosyncratic genius, the quirky student didn’t fit in well with peers his own age.
orthodox (adj.) conservative, traditional The tenured professors who had taught their orthodox ideas for years did not appreciate questions from the newly hired professor.
pacifist (noun) one who completely opposes violence Since he was a pacifist, he was hoping not to be drafted into the Armed Forces.
partisan (adj.) someone with biased beliefs Because of your partisan views, you are unwilling to look at other options.
piety (noun); pious (adj.) religious devotion My Aunt Jane’s pious devotion led her to donate all of her lottery winnings to the church.
polemic (noun); polemical (adj.) controversial The cartoonist’s latest sketch is a polemic that illustrates the island dictator as a toddler who constantly has tantrums.
renounce (verb) reject After the man was tortured by his government for many years, he decided to renounce his citizenship and move to a new country.
reverent (adj.) respectful, pious During the funeral, humble and reverent silence filled the air of the sanctuary.
sanctity (noun) holiness Although I place great value on my job, I put nothing above the sanctity of my family.
staunch (adj.) strong and loyal The political candidate lost the favor of many voters when he announced he was a staunch advocate of the war that had been going on for years.
stock (adj.) standard, hackneyed The boring stock characters in the author’s debut novel led to harsh criticisms from readers.
strident (adj.) loud and harsh Even through the apartment walls, Jack was able to hear the strident argument between his neighbors.
subversive (adj.) undermining, riotous, treasonous The group published a subversive magazine that contained nothing but negative articles about the current government.
supplant (verb) to take the place of The army is here to support the local police not to supplant its position as a body of authority.
sycophant (noun) flatterer My sister is a shallow sycophant who will flatter anyone for a free designer handbag.
toady (noun) flatterer At our bank, Henry is the toady who constantly flatters the branch manager.
totalitarian (adj.) undemocratic, rigid political control Under the dictator’s totalitarian rule, the citizens of the country had no say in how their nation was governed.
trite (adj.) common I did not finish the novel because the story’s plot was trite and uninspiring.
usurp (verb) seize power without authority After the king dies, his brother will usurp the throne from the prince.
zealot (noun) fanatic The security camera caught the health zealot vandalizing the soft drink manufacturer’s office.
Aberration (noun) Deviation, not normal Since I did not properly adjust my camera settings, all of my pictures have a blurry aberration on them.
Created by: WiseStranger
Popular English Vocabulary sets

 

 



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